Video about Tradescantia - care, transplantation, types, varieties
Video about Tradescantia - a lot of general interesting and useful information about Tradescantia. How to transplant Tradescantia. Varieties and types of plants. Happy viewing!
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Emperor or "red lightning" in the garden
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Imperata is a herbaceous showy plant. The Emperor attracts the eye, looks like an original decoration of any garden. Belongs to the family of cereals (Gramineae). Especially famous, beautiful and loved by flower growers are the view of the Cylindrical Emperor.
Hosta is a perennial ornamental deciduous plant. His homeland is the Far East, Japan, China and the countries of Southeast Asia, where these beautiful bushes grow in natural conditions.
Previously, this plant and the genus as a whole bore the name Funkia, which was assigned in honor of the German botanist Heinrich Christian Funk, who lived in the 18th - 19th centuries.
Then both the perennial itself and the entire genus were officially renamed: this decision was made by the participants of the International Botanical Congress, held in 1905.
The plant got its new name in honor of Nikolaus Thomas Host, an Austrian doctor and botanist. Currently, the genus Hosta belongs to the Asparagus family, although it previously belonged to the Liliaceae family.
The hosts bloom in July-August. At this time, numerous funnel-shaped or bell-shaped flowers bloom on the bushes. They resemble small lilies, rise above the bushes on long peduncles and emit a delicate aroma. There are varieties with white, lilac and lavender petals.
Hosts are real long-livers among all herbaceous perennial plants, they live up to 25 years!
Neat bushes with leaves, figuratively laid out in a kind of "hairstyle", become more and more lush with age and retain their decorative effect for a very long time. They are used to create borders, and their leaves are also used in bouquets and floral arrangements.
Homeland of the plant
In the wild, Tradescantia grows only on the American continent. Initially, the plant found ideal conditions for itself in tropical rainforests, spread over the territories of modern Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador. Later, it successfully spread even more widely, occupying regions with a temperate climate.
Today it can be found in the wilderness from Canada's southern borders in North America to Argentina in the South. But best of all, of course, Tradescantia feels in the warm and humid tropics. There it grows like a low-growing shrub, covering the edges of tropical forests in dense rows.
The indoor flower Tradescantia is very unpretentious in comparison with other plants. Observance of some of the nuances allows you to grow a beautiful branched bush.
Temperature features, lighting, humidity
The optimum temperature for the development of tradescantia is 20-24 degrees. In winter, she does not need a cold wintering, but if it is possible to provide her with coolness in the region of 16-18 degrees, she will thank him with a powerful wave of growth in early March.
Tradescantia grow well in any light: from direct sunlight to diffused light on northern windows. But specimens that receive more light look more decorative, especially the double and striped varieties. It is not worth it, perhaps, to place the pots in the back of the room, where there is too little light for any plants.
Additional air humidification has a positive effect on the growth of tradescantia. Many people prefer to spray green pets with a spray bottle, but this measure has a weak effect, since the moisture evaporates quickly. Other growers place containers with water around the plants, but in order for the fumes to somehow affect the growth of the flower, they need to force most of the windowsill. The best solution is to place the tradescantia among other plants: green leaves give off a lot of water during the growing season. Additionally, moss can be sown in shallow bowls, the spores of which are in any flower shop, just remember to water it abundantly.
Tradescantia can adapt to any type of substrate other than an overly heavy and watertight substrate. It grows best in a mixture composed of 2 parts of humus earth, 2 parts of leaf and 1 part of coarse sand. Purchased universal soil for indoor plants, which should be diluted with ordinary soil from a vegetable garden, garden or forest, is also suitable. If the substrate does not seem airy enough, you can pour a small amount of vermiculite, perlite, river sand or sawdust into it.
Watering and feeding
The plant loves abundant watering. Florists often get the impression that she is insatiable for water. For safety reasons, plant it in pots with a drainage hole and a layer of pebbles, stones or broken pottery at the bottom. It is convenient to use the planter hanging on the window. Watering can be slightly reduced in winter, but the top layer of the earth should not dry out in any case.
They respond positively to feeding during the period of active growth. Fertilization significantly accelerates the growth of green mass, increases the chances of flowering. You can water with solutions of universal fertilizers for indoor plants or tinctures of bird droppings. The response is also observed when applying mineral fertilizers, which are diluted according to the instructions on the package. The ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium when preparing the solution should be approximately the same. In the spring, you can add a little more nitrogen.
Important! Do not overfill the plant, as it has an increased tendency to decay!
With good care, the plant almost always blooms outdoors and half of the time at home. Flowers can be white, purple, blue, pink. For the plant to give buds, it needs enough light and top dressing every 1-2 months.
Transplant and pruning
Transplanting Tradescantia is advisable only if the roots are tightly braided with an earthen lump, which makes it dry quickly. The new pot should be several centimeters larger than the previous one.
Reproduction of tradescantia
Tradescantia easily propagates vegetatively - the bush can be divided from spring to mid-August. It should be borne in mind that when digging up, its powerful root system will inevitably be damaged. When planting, the long roots of the cut are cut to 15 cm. At the same time, the above-ground part of the cut is cut off, otherwise it will not take root.
If you divide the bush at the beginning of the season, the plant can easily restore the root system and take root quickly. In July-August, especially in hot weather, the rooting cuttings should be shaded and even covered for two weeks with a microsteam or a piece of covering material.
Tradescantia also reproduces well by stem cuttings with two or three internodes. Covered with a film, they take root perfectly in 2-3 weeks and hibernate in the ground. If there are no severe frosts in the fall and winter, cuttings rooted even at the end of August overwinter.
In the conditions of central Russia, the seeds of Tradescantia have time to ripen, and their self-seeding often occurs. And although the varietal characteristics of plants are not preserved during seed reproduction, seedlings with beautiful variably colored flowers can be obtained.
Tradescantia Anderson ‘Zwanenburg Blue’. © Henryr10
Planting and transplanting
The plant is transplanted for the first time after purchase, preferably not in the fall.
At the same time, the pot is not taken high, but wide, so that the flower has the opportunity to grow to the sides. A weak root system does not require a large volume of capacity, but the bush quickly branches and lets out lateral shoots, for which it needs free space.
The soil is chosen nutritious, based on vermicompost. There is an option to buy a universal soil mixture for indoor flowers and supplement it:
- leafy ground
- turf land
- perlite (coarse sand).
The proportions relative to the purchased land are 3: 2: 2: 2: 1.
- Expanded clay, broken clay shards are laid out on the bottom of the container, then a layer of mixed substrate is poured out.
- The plant is planted and sprinkled with earth from all sides - so that a growing point remains on the surface.
- The planted bush is watered with warm water and the flowerpot is placed in partial shade for 1-2 weeks. When it takes root, it is exposed to the sun or some other permanent place in the house.
Tradescantia will quickly adjust to new conditions and grow.
It is better to transplant in the spring, immediately after the flower leaves the dormant period. This is done every 3-4 years. The pot is selected 2-3 cm wider in diameter than the previous one.
Types and varieties of tradescantia with photos and names
Tradescantia Anderson (Tradescantia x andersoniana)
This plant is a hybrid with Virginia Tradescantia, it was created for cultivation in the open field. The varieties of this species have straight branchy shoots. Lanceolate leaf plates are purple-green in color. Flat-shaped flowers can be colored white, pink, blue or purple, they are collected in inflorescences, the shape of which is very similar to the umbrella-shaped. Varieties:
- Purewell giant - color of flowers carmine red
- Osprey - during flowering, white inflorescences are decorated
- Leonora - flowers violet-blue
- Iris - blooms luxuriantly with blue flowers
- G. Weguelin - in such a variety, the flowers are very large, and they are painted in a sky-blue hue.
White-flowered Tradescantia (Tradescantia albiflora)
Either Tradescantia tricolor or Tradescantia uiridis. This plant comes from the tropical part of South America. It has creeping stems. The bare, shiny leaf plates have an elongated ovoid shape, their width is about 25 mm, and their length is up to 60 mm. Their color can be silver-variegated or green. Most often, inflorescences form at the tops of the shoots, but sometimes grow from the leaf sinuses. Small flowers are white. Varieties:
- tricolor - on the foliage there are stripes of white or pinkish-lilac color
- albovittata - leaves adorn white stripes
- aurea - this variety has yellow foliage with green stripes
- aureovittata - the front surface of the leaf plates is decorated with golden-yellow longitudinal stripes.
In nature, the species is found in Argentina. In such a herbaceous perennial, creeping shoots are colored greenish-red. The shape of the alternately located leaf plates is elliptical or lanceolate, they have a pointed apex and a tubular sheath. The width of the leaves is about 30 mm, and their length is up to 80 mm, their seamy surface is painted in purple, and the front - in dark green with a reddish tint. On the surface of foliage, leaf sheaths and shoots under the nodes there is pubescence, represented by white hairs. Long, densely pubescent pedicels grow at the ends of the stems, as well as from the axils of the upper leaf plates. At the bottom of the inflorescence 2 bracts of various sizes grow. The flower contains 3 sepals and the same number of petals. There is dense pubescence on the surface of the purple sepals. The lower part of the stamens has pubescence, represented by long white hairs.
There is a variety of variegata. It has similar patterns of wide yellow stripes on the adjacent right-hand and also on the adjacent left-hand leaf plates. The patterns of the left and right leaves are different. With improper cuttings or pruning, and also due to poor lighting, the pattern on the foliage disappears.
Virginia Tradescantia (Tradescantia virginiana)
Originally from the southeast of North America. The length of the knotty, straight and branched shoot is about 0.6 m. The length of the lanceolate foliage is about 20 centimeters, the leaf sheath covers the shoot. The diameter of pinkish-purple flowers is up to 40 mm, they are collected in apical umbellate inflorescences, they include 2 large bracts and 3 petals. Flowering is observed in July – August. The fruit is a capsule with longitudinal valves. Varieties:
- atrorubra - color of inflorescences blood-red
- coerulea - blue flowers
- rosea - pink inflorescences
- rubra - the bush is decorated with red flowers.
Straight shoots are decorated with long leaf plates, on the surface of which there is pubescence of white hairs. The color of the flowers is lilac-pink.
Or hanging tradescantia (Tradescantia pendula). Red bare stems can be creeping or drooping. The ovate foliage is about 50 mm wide and up to 100 mm long. On the front surface along the entire leaf plate there is a pair of stripes of a silvery-white color, and their lower surface is red. Small flowers are colored purple or violet.
Such a succulent plant is found naturally in Mexico and Peru. There is no pubescence on the creeping stems. Boat-shaped small ovoid leaf plates are about 10 mm wide and up to 40 mm long. Thick foliage, pointed from above, keeled from below, has cilia along the edge, and on the surface there are many purple dots. The formation of inflorescences is observed at the top of the bush, they consist of pink flowers.
Shoots are densely leafy in small green leafy plates, on the surface of which there are stripes of white or pink color. Such a plant is considered highly decorative.
Riverine Tradescantia (Tradescantia fluminensis)
The homeland of this plant is Brazil. On the surface of the creeping purple-red stems, there are many green specks. The shape of short-petiolate smooth leaves is ovoid, their width is up to 20 mm, and their length is about 25 mm. Varieties:
- variegata - there are cream-colored stripes on the foliage
- Quicksilver - the leaves are decorated with white stripes.