A herbaceous plant like Elettaria, which is a perennial, belongs to the ginger family (Zingibiraceae). It comes from the tropical regions of Southeast Asia.
At the moment, there is only 1 species in this genus - eletaria cardamomum (Elettaria cardamomum), also called cardamom.
Elettaria cardamomum - This evergreen plant is a perennial. It has fleshy roots, as well as 2 types of shoots - 1 false, it stretches up and there are leaves on it. Dark green, alternately arranged leaves, lanceolate-linear, have thin long petioles. The leaves reach 60 centimeters in length and 8 centimeters in width, and if you knead them with your fingers, you can feel a tart, rather strong smell. The 2nd creeping stem is real. It has no foliage. Flowers grow on it, which are collected in racemose inflorescences. Small flowers have an unusual color. So, one of the petals is painted white and has a purple pattern located in the middle, and the others are light green. When flowering is over, fruits are formed, represented by three-nested bolls, which are 2 centimeters long. Fragrant ribbed seeds are colored black.
Home care for cardamom
Such a plant simply needs bright lighting, but it should be borne in mind that it should be diffused. In the summer, the flower must be shaded well from the direct scorching rays of the sun. It is worth remembering that in winter, cardamom also needs good lighting, as in summer.
Such a plant loves warmth very much. So, in the warm season, it grows normally and develops at an air temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, this flower has a dormant period. For this period, it must be transferred to a cool place (from 12 to 15 degrees).
Cardamom reacts very positively to regular foliage hydration from a sprayer. It is also recommended to systematically arrange a shower, or the accumulated dirt on the surface of the leaves can be removed with a slightly damp sponge.
How to water
In the summer, watered regularly, while the soil should be evenly moistened. Avoid stagnant liquid in the substrate. In winter, watering should be very scanty, however, complete drying of the earthen coma should not be allowed.
Top dressing is carried out in spring and summer 1 time in 2-3 weeks. For this, fertilizer is used for vegetable crops.
Differs in rapid growth, in this regard, it is necessary to transplant once a year. To prepare the soil mixture, combine humus and sod soil, as well as sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Purchased soil is suitable for decorative deciduous plants. The pot should be low and wide. Make a good drainage layer at the bottom.
It can be propagated by dividing the rhizome, seeds and apical cuttings.
It is necessary to divide the rhizome during transplantation. At the same time, each division should have at least 2 buds and 2 growing roots. The sections are sprinkled with crushed activated carbon, and then the cuttings are immediately planted in the soil mixture.
To root the apical cuttings, maintain a constant temperature of 20-25 degrees.
The depth of planting seeds during sowing is equal to the width of the seed multiplied by 2. Sprinkle them with a substrate on top, watered a little, and the container itself is covered with film or glass. The required temperature is from 25 to 28 degrees. The chosen location should be well lit.
Pests and diseases
Spider mite, scale insect. Viral infections.
Growing ampelous begonia from seeds at home
Housewives grow a huge variety of flowers in modern apartments. Ampelous begonia takes a special place in this process.
It is better to propagate this flower by seeds. Even tuberous begonias are best propagated by seed. Growing ampelous begonias from seeds at home is most preferable for several reasons. Firstly, it is more economical, since seeds are much cheaper than tubers, and secondly, it is much easier to store seeds. Although this process will take much longer, it does not frighten avid florists in any way.
Begonias are attractive enough to look, whether deciduous or flowery. Particular attention should be paid to the ampelous begonia, since it can decorate not only a room, but also a balcony and a terrace. This houseplant is quite unpretentious, but at the same time it always looks festive and beautiful.
Growing ampelous begonias from seeds at home is not a difficult process, although there are certain nuances.
Take a suitable dish and fill it with seedling soil.
It is desirable that it be peaty, very loose, airy, with the addition of perlite and sand.
We moisten the soil quite a bit over the surface.
We spread the snow collected from the street with a thickness of about 2 cm on top of the ground.
Snow will help us to make light stratification of seeds, and melt water will very well moisturize the substrate for future sprouts.
Further, we simply sprinkle the seeds over the snow, as if we were adding salt to the soup.
Or, you can pick lobelia seeds on a damp finger and leave them in the snow.
Next, just close the greenhouse and put it under the backlight or in the brightest place.
The temperature for germination should be 23-25 degrees.
On the 5-8th day, seedlings will already appear.
Here's a way, take note. It is very comfortable and showed excellent germination!
But not all regions have snow in winter.
Therefore, we have prepared a second method for you, which will also help you successfully sow and germinate lobelia.
Potted cineraria care
The main requirement of the flower is for watering: it rots with an excess of water and quickly withers with a lack of it. It should be watered systematically and abundantly. In order to avoid drying out of the top layer of the soil, it can either be covered with a small layer of fine expanded clay, or periodically loosened.
The culture does not like drafts, direct sun and excess fertilizer. In the house, it is placed a meter from any window, except for the northern one, or on a windowsill, subject to light shading with a translucent fabric or blinds. During the budding period, cineraria is lightly fed with complex fertilizer. If the plant is planned to be kept as an annual, then it is no longer necessary to feed.
Advice. Carefully remove all dried leaves - this will not only preserve the aesthetics of the plant, but also extend the flowering period by a week or two.
Harvesting and storage
It is advisable to cut the leaves off the coriander just before consumption. This can be started after 5-6 leaves appear on the plant. During flowering, the stems thicken and the quality of the greenery deteriorates, so if there is no goal to grow seeds, it is better to remove the peduncles immediately.
Greens can be dried or frozen
After cultivation, the soil can be reused. To do this, the remaining roots are removed from it, then they are calcined in the oven for disinfection and a little humus is added. After moistening, sow cilantro again.
For long-term storage, the leaves of the plant can be frozen and dried. In the first case, you will need to rinse them well, dry them, place them in a plastic bag and put them in the freezer.
If desired, dry the coriander greens, the plant is completely cut off at the root and kept at room temperature. After complete drying, it is crushed and placed in a hermetically sealed container. This seasoning is stored for about 2 years.
Coriander is a delicious and healthy dietary supplement. There is nothing difficult in growing it at home, so if you wish, you can always have a green, fragrant twig on hand.