Salpiglossis: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds
Salpiglossis (lat.Salpiglossis) - a genus of annuals, biennials and perennials of the Solanaceae family, numbering about 20 species. Salpiglossis is native to South America, mainly from Chile.
The name of the genus consists of two Greek words meaning "pipe" and "tongue" and explains the shape of the flower. Because of this, its second name sounds like "pipe-speaking". This plant was introduced into cultivation in 1820.
Planting and caring for salpiglossis
- Bloom: from the beginning of summer until the first frost.
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in early March, planting seedlings in open ground - in mid-May.
- Lighting: bright light.
- The soil: fertile, humus-rich, slightly acidic or neutral.
- Watering: in spring and autumn they water it 2-3 times a week, in summer - every day, and in the heat in the evenings the plant is sprayed with warm, settled water.
- Top dressing: complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants several times per season. Ash is used from organic matter.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphid.
- Diseases: stem and root rot.
Read more about the cultivation of salpiglossis below.
In culture, only one species of the genus is still grown - salpiglossis notched (Salpiglossis sinuata). The height of salpiglossis is about 1 m, it has straight stems, thin and branched, covered with glandular sticky hairs. Basal leaves of salpiglossis are oblong, notched-lobed, petiolate, and the upper leaves are sessile, narrow, entire. Graceful single flowers of salpiglossis with a diameter of about 5 cm, painted in brown, blue, purple, yellow or cream and painted on the throat with a marble pattern of golden and dark veins, bloom from June to October. They are funnel-shaped, shiny velvety, with a five-lobed limb. Salpiglossis fruits are two-celled oval capsules with small seeds that remain viable for up to 5 years.
In our climate, mainly biennial and annual salpiglossis are grown.
Growing salpiglossis from seeds
How to sow seeds
Salpiglossis is propagated by seeds. With the seedling method of growing, salpiglossis seeds are sown in early March in wide and shallow containers filled with loose soil. The seeds are spread over the surface of the moistened substrate as rarely as possible, pressed against the surface, the crops are covered with glass or foil and kept on a light windowsill at a temperature of 15-20 ºC. For faster germination of seeds and protection of emerging seedlings from the bright sun, place a sheet of white paper on the plastic.
Crop care consists in airing the greenhouse and removing condensate from the film. Salpiglossis seedlings will appear in 2-3 weeks, but the coating from the crops is not removed immediately: first it is removed for an hour or two, then for 3-4 hours, and when the seedlings get used to the conditions of the room, it will be possible to remove the glass completely.
As soon as the salpiglossis seedlings begin to form the first pair of leaves, the seedlings must be sorted out into individual pots or cups. Keep in mind that the roots of the seedlings are very fragile, and after a dive, the seedlings take root for a long time. As soon as the seedlings grow, their tops begin to pinch so that small salpiglossis bush better. Water the seedlings sparingly, avoiding either drying out of the soil or waterlogging.
Planting salpiglossis in the ground
When to plant
Salpiglossis is planted in open ground when warm weather sets in and the threat of frost has passed, that is, in mid-May. The best place for a plant is a sunny area, protected from gusts of wind, with humus-rich fertile soil of a neutral or slightly acidic reaction.
How to plant
Dig up an area with a small amount of peat, sand and ash a week before planting. Make holes at a distance of about 25-30 cm from each other so deep that the root system of the seedlings with an earthen clod fits in them, transplant the seedlings into them using the transfer method, seal and water abundantly. Be very careful with the roots as salpiglossis does not tolerate transplanting well.
Salpiglossis care in the garden
Growing salpiglossis is not a difficult task, if you remember that it does not tolerate drought, frost and waterlogging. You need to water the plant daily in summer, salpiglossis responds well to evening spraying in the hot season. In spring and autumn, 2-3 waterings per week will be enough. Salpiglossis is moistened in a flowerbed with warm, settled water, and after watering, the soil around the plant is carefully loosened, while removing weeds.
Do not forget to pinch the plant so that it forms more buds and remove wilted flowers: this measure will help prolong the flowering of salpiglossis until October. Salpiglossis is fed several times a season with complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants. From organic fertilizers, salpiglossis is responsive to ash application.
Pests and diseases
Moisture-loving salpiglossis in the open field can get sick with stem or root rot, which leads to the death of the plant. At the first sign of ill health, treat the flower and the soil around it with a fungicidal preparation and adjust the watering regime. Bushes heavily damaged by a fungal infection are best destroyed.
Of the pests, salpiglossis affects aphids. Destroy it with acaricidal drugs.
Salpiglossis after flowering
Perennial salpiglossis grows only in warm climates. In areas with cool winters, salpiglossis in the garden is grown in an annual culture, which means that with the onset of cold weather, the plant dies. Of course, you can try to transplant salpiglossis into a pot in the fall so that it grows in your home in winter, but the difficulty is that the plant does not tolerate transplanting well.
As you can see, planting and caring for salpiglossis is not at all tiring, at the same time the attractiveness of the plant is undeniable.
Types and varieties
As we already mentioned, only salpiglossis is grown in culture, the description of which we gave at the beginning of the article.
This species has such garden forms:
- large-flowered - a plant up to almost 1 m high with branched stems and large flowers;
- salpiglossis superbissima - large flowers of this shape have corrugated petals;
- salpiglossis low - branching bushes up to 40 cm high, covered with numerous flowers.
Salpiglossis varieties and hybrids have gained great popularity:
- Kew Blue - a low-growing plant up to 30 cm high with flowers of purple shades from lilac-pink to purple with a dark throat and a rare net of yellow veins;
- Casino mix - compact bushes 45-50 cm high with branched stems and flowers of various colors, including yellow. These plants need support;
- The festival and Flamenco - compact bushes up to 30 cm high with flowers of various colors;
- Bolero - Abundantly flowering plants up to 60 cm high with a stable stem;
- salpiglossis Ali Baba - an exotic annual up to 80 cm high, the flowers of which with contrasting veins stand perfectly in the cut;
- Corduroy dolly - bushes up to 40 cm high with fancy velvet flowers up to 6 cm in diameter;
- Fireworks - branchy and profusely flowering bush up to 60 cm high with bright red, purple or pale pink flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, decorated with dark purple or golden yellow veins;
- Magic - a plant with a height of 40 to 60 cm with scarlet, snow-white, purple and red flowers, the throat of which is decorated with a marble pattern of yellow veins.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Solanaceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Biennial Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
- Information on Annual Plants
Sections: Garden plants Biennials Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Solanaceous plants on C
The subtleties of growing seedlings
Growing salpiglossis seedlings from seeds makes it possible to accelerate its flowering.
Sequence of actions for a florist:
- selection of quality seed
- preparation of containers and soil for seedlings
- sowing with exact timing
- plant care
- landing at a permanent place.
There are nuances in each paragraph, you need to know and use them.
The seeds are distinguished by high germination capacity, retain the ability to germinate for 4-5 years. The main condition is to store them in a dry and cool place without exposure to light.
When buying seeds in a store, you need to pay attention to the date of collection, not packaging.
To get his own seed, the gardener must harvest the seeds correctly. First, choose the variety that you would like to multiply. Then, on this plant, remove almost all wilted buds, leaving the largest ones for subsequent collection of seeds.
The second question when growing salpiglossis from seed is when to plant?
In the open field, you can grow seedlings only in the southern regions. Salpiglossis needs a mild and warm climate for good growth. Sowing is allowed in late autumn (late October) or spring (late April - early May). In areas of the middle lane, only winter sowing is recommended. In the spring, the grown plants should be transferred to a permanent place.
When growing indoors, the timing is recommended to be calculated more accurately. Seedlings are ready for planting in 40-50 days after sowing.
Usually salpiglossis is placed in flower beds in mid-May, which means that sowing should be started in late March or early April. In the southern regions, the sowing date is shifted to early March.
Soil and container
When growing salpiglossis from seeds, you need to prepare high-quality soil. The soil should be nutritious but light.
The salpiglossis plant does not like acidic soil.
To prepare the soil mixture, you will need to take sod land, wood ash and fine-grained sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 2. Mix the components well and add peat. The proportions of peat and soil mixture - 1: 2. There is another worthy option - to buy a ready-made mixture for flower seedlings. It contains all the essential nutrients.
The choice of sowing containers must be taken very carefully. Salpiglossis has an increased sensitivity to transplants and moisture retention. To reduce root damage when picking and replanting seedlings, it is better to use separate pots or cups. And in order to avoid stagnation of water, make a drainage layer and holes in the glass for the outflow of moisture.
Types and varieties
The genus Liatris includes 50 species. In cultivation, there are 2 types:
- dense-headed liatris (Liatris pycnotachya) - grows up to 100 cm, has long narrow leaves and dark pink flowers
- liatris spikelet (liicris spicata) - is more common in our gardens, grows up to 50 cm, the leaves are shorter and wider than those of the dense-headed one, and the flowers are purple.
|Name and description of the variety||Photo|
|Kobold - with purple flowers, compact, grows up to 30-50 cm in height. Used on stony and perennial beds. Bloom: June-October.|
|Floristan violet - with light purple flowers, up to 100 cm|
|Floristan White - with white flowers|
|Floristan Weiss - with white flowers, up to 100 cm high|
|Alba (Alba) - white inflorescences, height 60-100 cm.|
|Callilepis (Callilepis) - dark, purple-pink flowers, about 80-90 cm high.|
Growing flowers outdoors
Growing such a flower crop from the seeds is also possible by sowing directly to the beds. Seedlings can be sown with this method at the end of April, but it is better still at the beginning of May. In this case, the flowering stage of plants will come closer to the second half of the summer season. It is difficult to find a video that would demonstrate the growing process on the Internet, so we will describe it in stages.
Having chosen a sunny spot for salpiglossis without drafts in your garden, you should prepare the soil for planting. First, it should not be infertile. Secondly, the soil should be enriched with humus or loose substrate. If the soil on the site is not very suitable for the cultivation of salpiglossis, the situation can be easily corrected by "diluting" the soil with humus, wood ash, sand and a small amount of peat. It is with the introduction of peat into the soil that you should limit yourself to a small amount, since this is a highly acidic product and it is able to simply "burn" crops. In general, it is worth being guided by the fact that salpiglossis loves slightly acidic and neutral soils.
In the prepared area, holes or grooves are formed for sowing seeds. The depth of the holes should be about 2-2.5 cm. After planting the seedlings, they are sprinkled with soil without compaction. Then make abundant watering. Soon the seedlings will appear, and when they are 3-4 cm high, the planting will need to be thinned out. Only strong shoots are left at a distance of about 20-30 cm from each other (the same scheme is used for planting seedlings). The photo above shows one of the seeding options.
I plant the plants in a permanent place in the first half of June, when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, in a row every 25 cm. Before that I harden them: I put them on the glazed balcony, starting from half an hour, gradually increasing the time. And when you get used to being there all day, you can leave it overnight.
I choose the site for salpiglossis open and unshaded, with fertile land. These are the flowers of the sun! This is the only way they show their delightful "porcelain" look. It is advisable to protect the bushes from the wind, since tall and thin stems can break from strong gusts.
In young plants, pinch the tops for more tillering.
I feed with fertilizers with a predominance of potassium (they respond very well to adding wood ash).
From salpiglossis, beautiful bouquets are obtained that stand for a long time and do not fade. Especially if you add an anti-acid agent (for example, an aspirin tablet) to the water.