When is the best time to plant cherries, and how to preserve purchased seedlings before planting?
For a long time you have dreamed of making homemade cherry jam for future use or enjoying fresh sweet and sour fruits to your heart's content, but you can't even imagine when it is better to plant cherries, not to mention growing them? Our article will help you determine the optimal planting time, choose suitable seedlings and save them in the best possible way if the cherry planting time unexpectedly has to be rescheduled.
Choosing the right seedlings
Whether you will be able to grow a plentifully fruiting tree or all efforts will go to waste, depends on how correctly you make the choice:
Cherries, unlike currants or raspberries, are less winter-hardy culture
- cherry varieties, taking into account the characteristics of your area;
- the seedling itself when buying or exchanging with other gardeners;
- places in the garden for planting a seedling;
- the timing of when to plant cherries.
And of course, you will need to properly plant the seedling in the ground and provide it with full care throughout the season, including watering, fertilizing, loosening the soil, pruning branches and preparing the tree for winter.
Cherry planting video
Cherry, unlike currants or raspberries, is less winter-hardy culture, therefore, for cultivation in central Russia, varieties with high winter hardiness should be preferred. When buying, inspect the root system of the seedlings - it should be well developed, fibrous, with three to five main roots. The leaves on the seedlings will need to be removed so that the tree does not waste water and nutrients on them.
Annual seedlings usually reach a height of 70 cm, and two-year-old - at least one meter. Do not take annual plants with a height of more than one and a half meters with a greenish bark, since such cherries are most likely overfed with nitrogen, their winter hardiness will be reduced.
Annual seedlings usually reach a height of 70 cm, and two-year-old - at least one meter
You can buy vaccinated seedlings, or rooted - both have their own advantages. Own-rooted cherries are better suited for growing in harsh winters, since after freezing they quickly restore the crown and continue to harvest. But the seedlings grafted with valuable varieties begin to bear fruit earlier. On sale there are also seedlings that have been grafted onto the seedlings of steppe cherry, from which dwarf trees grow, early into fruiting. The only drawback of such rootstocks is that they form a lot of overgrowth, which you constantly have to struggle with.
If you want to grow seedlings yourself, taking cherry shoots from familiar gardeners, make sure that the tree is self-rooted and not grafted, since the root shoots of grafted cherry varieties will be wild. Just take shoots for breeding two meters from the trunk of the cherry - there they are stronger than near the trunk.
When is it better to plant cherries, and how to dig in seedlings before planting?
For central Russia, the best time to plant cherry seedlings is mid-April, before the buds have begun to bloom. If you are a little late with planting, the seedlings will take root worse. Autumn planting is undesirable, since young trees run the risk of freezing severely in the first winter.
Lay the purchased seedlings in a row obliquely, crowns to the south
In the central and southern regions, the autumn planting dates for cherries can give good results, it is only important to have time to plant the seedlings at least a month before the start of frost, that is, no later than mid-October.
But what if it is in the fall that the assortment of cherry seedlings is the richest and most diverse? It's simple - the purchased planting material can be dug in until spring.
Cherry planting video
The digging is done easily:
- dig a trench 35-50 cm deep in the direction from west to east in that part of the garden where snow lies for the longest in spring;
- make the wall on the south side at an angle of 45 degrees;
- put the purchased seedlings in a row obliquely, crowns to the south;
- cover the root system and one third of the tree trunk with earth;
- water the ditch abundantly so that the soil adheres well to the roots and provides them with the necessary moisture;
- line the buried seedlings with spruce branches with needles outward to protect against rodents.
Cover the root system and one third of the tree trunk with earth.
The first snow will cover the seedlings, and a little later it will be possible to additionally form a snowdrift up to 30 cm high on top so that the planting material is not damaged by severe frosts. The seedlings should be dug up when it is time to plant the cherries.
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At what distance to plant cherries between seedlings
Cherries are one of the most common fruit trees. Thanks to its unpretentiousness and easy care, even novice gardeners can grow it, but its planting in different regions has its own characteristics. For planting, you need to choose varieties that are zoned for a given region.
In the central regions of the middle lane, it is recommended to grow late and winter-hardy varieties with good immunity to fungal diseases. In areas where extreme temperature changes are possible, cherries that are resistant to stress and have a high ability to adapt are suitable.
In the regions of the Urals and Siberia, a bush form of cherry is most often grown, the branches of which can be easily bent and covered with snow. For a harsh climate, frost-resistant and early-growing varieties are suitable.
Seedling planting rules 2021
- First you need to decide on the number of seedlings, and for this you need to know the area of the site. It is also necessary to lay a surplus, this is a kind of insurance fund, because the seedlings can get sick or they can be broken inadvertently. Usually add 1% –5% to the selected amount.
- Next, you need to decide on crops that can be grown in your region only through seedlings, as well as varieties: take seeds only of those varieties that are zoned in your region, that is, it has been established that they are most suitable for growing in the local climate.
- The next stage - it is necessary to determine the timing and prepare the soil and containers for seedlings by the time of planting, as well as stock up on fertilizers, seed germination stimulants, additional lighting lamps and glass or film to cover the containers with seeds until the emergence of seedlings. Purchase a spray bottle, since you need to moisten the soil, and if you water it from a different container, it can be washed out and the roots of the seedlings are exposed.
- When the sowing time comes up, it is necessary to soak the seeds using melt water, either just like that, or with the addition of a growth stimulant.
- After soaking, the seed must be dried, and then sown at the optimum depth for each crop and cover the containers with film or glass until shoots appear.
- Film or glass can and should be removed after friendly shoots appear. Then you need to put the containers in a permanent place that is optimal for each specific crop.
- The next stage in growing seedlings is picking, that is, transplanting each seedling from a common container to an individual one. Usually they start picking after the seedling has a pair of true leaves.
- During the entire process of growing seedlings, make regular and moderate watering: the soil should not be very waterlogged, and it should not dry out too much.
- If you are growing seedlings during the period of long nights and short days, then in order to avoid stretching the seedlings, you need to install additional lighting.
- The crucial period is the planting of seedlings in a permanent place in the ground. Before planting, it is necessary to harden the seedlings, gradually accustoming them to more severe conditions. Usually, hardening lasts a week, sometimes a little more, sometimes less.
When and where to plant cherries?
Cherries are planted in a permanent place in the spring, before buds begin to bloom on the trees. But if you find an excellent seedling in early autumn (a month before the soil freezes), then you can have time to settle it in the garden. Also, when planting a seedling before winter, the tree must be well spud (to a height of 30-40 cm). This procedure will help protect the roots of young cherries from frost.
For planting cherries, it is better to choose a place protected from strong winds. Therefore, it should be planted closer to the fence, where there are no drafts. And in winter, a lot of snow accumulates near the fence, which protects the roots of the tree from frostbite.
The cherry growing area should be well lit. Also, keep in mind that the plant does not like swampy soil. A light, fertile soil with a neutral reaction is best suited for a cherry tree.
How to plant clematis in the open ground in spring
Selecting a seedling and timing are the initial steps. The landing algorithm also has its own characteristics. But most important of all:
- choose the right place
- prepare the ground and the pit
- determine the trimming group on which the specifics of the event depend
- plant the plant correctly.
If all stages are completed without violations, then the vine will thank the gardener with amazing flowering. For small-flowered varieties in spring, the method is suitable
planting clematis seeds. This is a more time-consuming method, which involves first growing seedlings and then replanting the seedlings in open ground.
A place for planting clematis seedlings in early spring should be chosen taking into account all the nuances:
- Good lighting is the key to lush bloom. However, the root system needs shade.
- Wind protection. This element breaks off fragile shoots and flowers, so you should protect the plant from gusts of wind.
- No moisture accumulation. Landings should not be located in lowlands.
- Distance from buildings. It is necessary to plant the plant in spring so that there is at least 50 cm between the support and the wall.
- Drainage at close location of groundwater.
Another nuance is the presence of support. For climbing vines, it is necessary to create a beautiful look and support the branches.
Preparing the soil and planting pit
The soil needs fertile, structured and alkaline. When the soil on the site does not correspond to such parameters, it is brought to the desired composition in certain ways.
The planting hole is dug in the form of a cube with sides of 60 cm.When group planting, it is more expedient to dig a trench with parameters 60x60 cm in the spring.The distance between the two bushes is left at 1.5 m.
Spring planting consists of successive stages:
- Laying of a drainage layer of expanded clay, broken brick, crushed stone. Thickness 15 cm.
- Form a mound of fertile soil, put a seedling, straighten the roots.
- Leave the root collar at ground level, it can be slightly lower.
- Cover with soil, slightly compacting, water and shade clematis.
Planting clematis in the spring from a container does not have any special differences. Just before placing the plant in the hole, you need to soak the roots for 2 hours in a growth stimulator. Then follow the standard steps by deepening the root collar and shoots by 5 cm. Large seedlings can be deepened deeper - up to 12 cm. For irrigation, use 10 liters of water. This is a gentle planting that can be done even in summer.
Video on how to properly plant clematis in the ground in the spring:
What is better not to plant cherries
Cherry is an unpretentious culture. However, some plants planted nearby can cause significant harm to it. Which crops should not be planted next to cherries? Do not sow eggplants, tomatoes, peppers nearby. It is worth refraining from planting nightshade vegetables, which carry diseases that are dangerous for fruit ailments.
Linden, birch, oak and maple are not the best neighbors. Therefore, planting these seedlings, to put it mildly, is undesirable. The culture also does not "like" some shrubs: raspberries, sea buckthorn, gooseberries. The roots of these bushes "spread out" and negatively affect the growth of stone fruits. Neighborhood with currants is also undesirable, currants under a cherry tree can only be planted with some varieties (shade-tolerant).
Can an apricot be planted next to a fruit tree? Despite the fact that it is a stone fruit culture, it still has a specific care, therefore, being close to other members of the family is undesirable.
Useful tips from experienced gardeners if you have an apple tree in the suburbs
- Never buy saplings grown in the southern regions! In the conditions of the Moscow region, they will freeze out in the very first cold winter. The best choice is zoned planting material from the nursery.
- Do not buy tall, 4-5 year old trees, although the temptation is great. They do not take root well and take longer to adapt.
- Wrap the trunks of young seedlings for the winter! This will protect them from hares, peeling off the young bark of the plant. It is enough to tie one meter of the trunk, starting from the edge of the earth, the hares will not reach higher.
Watch a video about choosing a seedling:
Video about the correct planting of an apple tree:
Successful seedlings, light soil and rich harvests!