A plant like Clivia (Clivia) is directly related to the Amaryllidaceae family. In the wild, it can be found in South African humid subtropical forests. This herb is a perennial plant with very long leaves that are collected in a rosette.
The beautiful flowers of this plant collected in inflorescences, as a rule, are colored yellow, orange or red. There are about 10–20 of these bell-shaped flowers on one inflorescence. Their blooming occurs gradually, and the flowers themselves hold on for quite a long time. Moreover, one clivia has several flower arrows.
If this flower grows indoors, then its flowering, as a rule, begins in February or March. If the clivia is large enough and well cared for, it can bloom 2 times in 1 year.
It also has long, shiny leaves that are dark green in color. The bases of the leaves are thickened, and they are in very close contact with each other (thanks to this, they look like a bulb). And they are located on the rhizome. Interestingly, this plant lacks a bulb, which is a significant difference from other amaryllis. Clivia also has a fleshy and very succulent root system. It is capable of accumulating reserves of nutrients and fluids.
This plant is quite undemanding. It feels best on the windowsills of windows located in the western, eastern or northern part of the room.
As a home plant, flower growers most often choose a variety such as cinnabar clivia (Clívia miniata), it is also called the cinnabar vallota (Vallota miniata), as well as the beautiful clivia either noble (Clívia nobilis).
A variety such as cinnabar clivia has gained popularity as a medicinal plant. For the manufacture of medicinal drugs, the whole plant can be used as a whole, or rather, both leaves and roots. So, the local population of Zulu with the help of clivia rhizomes treats fever, and also manufactures a remedy that can significantly reduce pain from a poisonous snake bite.
However, special care must be taken when treating clivia cinnabar with rhizome. The fact is that it contains some alkaloids, which makes it very toxic. Therefore, without special knowledge, it is better not to self-medicate.
Home care for clivia
Caring for a clivia is quite simple, the main thing to remember is that you need to disturb it only as a last resort. So, it is not recommended to rearrange it, loosen it, replant it, polish it, and also cut it off.
This plant reacts extremely negatively to direct rays of the sun, therefore it needs to be shaded from them. It feels great on window sills located in the east or west of the room. It can also be placed on the northern windowsill, but it is worth considering that the growth of clivia there will slow down and, most likely, flowering will not occur at all. In the warm season, it is recommended to move the flower to the street and choose partial shade for its placement.
This flower does very well at normal room temperature. During the growing season, it is best to provide the plant with a temperature in the range of 20-25 degrees. During the dormant period, which begins in October, the air temperature in the room should be reduced to 12-14 degrees. After the clivia has a peduncle, it is placed in a room with an air temperature of 18–20 degrees.
This flower does not have any special requirements for air humidity.
How to water
Water this plant in moderation, while ensuring that no water accumulates in the pan. During the dormant period, the flower is not watered at all, or they do it extremely rarely. After the buds begin to form on the peduncle, they begin to water the clivia abundantly and use extremely warm water for this.
It is necessary to feed the plant only during its flowering, as well as active growth. So, during flowering, fertilizer should be applied to the soil 2 times a month. In this case, fertilizers are selected that contain a small amount of nitrogen. This is because nitrogen can cause no second flowering, but foliage will grow very well.
Features of the rest period
Clivia definitely needs to provide a dormant period, because this is the key to regular and very good flowering. As a rule, it begins in October or November. The duration of this period is 2-3 months. In order for the plant to pass into a dormant period, it must not only be placed in a cool room in the autumn, but also significantly reduce watering.
Fertilizers cannot be applied to the ground at this time. The recommended temperature in the room containing clivia is 10-12 degrees. However, if this is not possible, then at ordinary room temperature, the rest period proceeds quite well. In the event that the plant begins to throw off the leaves, it needs to be watered urgently (quite a bit).
While the plant is young, it blooms only once a year. After the flower becomes an adult, it will bloom twice a year (but this is if it is completely healthy). At the end of the dormant period, a flower arrow forms at the clivia, and after it reaches a height of 10-15 centimeters, the flower is moved to a room with normal room temperature and provided with abundant watering. It is not recommended to touch this plant until the flower arrow has fully grown, at this time it is only allowed to water it (infrequently and a little). It should be borne in mind that a sharp change in temperature can provoke a stop in the development of buds. In the case when the flower was at room temperature during the dormant period, he just needs to increase watering. At the same time, you need to water the plant with warm water in order to activate the growth of the peduncle. It is forbidden to move the flower pot during the budding and flowering period.
When the flowering is over, do not stop watering and fertilizing the flower. In the last summer months, flowering may return. In the event that the peduncle does not appear, the plant can be provided with an artificial rest period. To do this, it is rearranged in a dark and cool place, not fed, and watering is extremely rare. After a few weeks, you will be able to see that the clivia has developed a peduncle.
It is worth knowing that flowering can occur without a dormant period, and that's all, because this plant is extremely unpretentious. It can adapt to almost any conditions, and at least once a year the clivia will bloom. It is noteworthy that flowering occurs each time at a different time.
You can get seeds from a plant, but artificial pollination is used. Green fruits take on a red-orange hue only after a year. At the same time, you need to know that during fruiting, the plant must be regularly fed. The seeds can only be harvested after the fruits are soft.
For this plant, a soil mixture consisting of leafy and soddy soil, as well as sand, taken in a 2: 2: 1 ratio, is suitable. You can also mix humus, turf and peat soil, taken in a 1: 2: 1 ratio, and add a little sand. Don't forget good drainage.
How to transplant
The transplant is carried out only when absolutely necessary, for example, when the roots cease to fit in the pot. It is better to limit yourself to transshipment in order to protect the roots from damage that can lead to rotting of the root system, especially if the soil is too moist. The pot must be taken a little larger than the previous one.
How to propagate
Propagated by side children and seeds. Lateral children are disconnected from the adult flower during transplantation, while they must have at least four leaves. For planting, use small pots filled with a mixture of sand and leafy soil. Water moderately. Flowering will come in 2 or 3 years.
Seeds are sown shortly after they ripen. For sowing, a mixture of sand and turf soil is used. Seedlings will appear in 1–1.5 months. The transplant is carried out after the appearance of 1 leaf. Growth is very slow, and such clivia will bloom only after 3 or 4 years.
A mealybug or scale insect can settle. To destroy them, wipe the plant with a sponge soaked in soapy water and treat with actellik solution.
- Short peduncle - low air humidity or too cold.
- The leaves are very pale - lack of nutrients. Feed the flower.
- Peduncle growth has stopped - most likely, a prolonged rest period. Water the plant more often with warm water (temperature no higher than 40 degrees).
- The appearance of reddish or white spots on the foliage - sunburns. Move to a shaded area.
- Flowering does not come - lack of light or high air temperature. Give the plant a full dormant period.
CLIVIA HOW TO MAKE CLIVIA FLOWER. ANSWER TO SUBSCRIBERS 'QUESTION
Clivia: growing and caring at home. A very long-lived, unpretentious, large clivia plant, which has long been used for landscaping apartments, can live up to 40 years under appropriate conditions. In the spring, a tall peduncle with bright orange bell-shaped flowers appears from the thick of dark green leaves. Clivia will delight its owners with flowering annually, if you follow the simple rules for her care.
Lighting: Clivia thrives on east or west windows with bright ambient light. In summer, it can be taken out into the open air. When located near southern windows, the plant should be protected from direct sun. On the north window, where there is insufficient lighting, the clivia will grow more slowly and will not be able to release the peduncle. Clivia does not like to be disturbed too often - they touch her once more and rearrange her from place to place.
Temperature: In spring and summer, the most favorable temperature for clivia is considered to be 20-25 ° C. Starting in mid-October, when the plant needs a dormant period, the temperature should be reduced to 12-14 ° C. When the peduncle appears, the clivia is placed in a warm place where the temperature will be above 20 ° C. If the plant is kept at a high temperature during the dormant period, its development and flowering are disrupted.
Watering: for clivia, moderate watering should be observed, the water should be soft, settled and warm. Before the next watering, the soil must be allowed to dry out. During the dormant period, the plant can not be watered. If the clivia begins to shed its leaves, you can only moisten the soil. With the formation of buds on the peduncle, the plant must be watered more abundantly, but not flooded. Remaining water in the sump is unacceptable.
Air humidity for clivia does not really matter. In summer, the leaves of the plant can be periodically sprayed, wiped with a damp sponge.
Top dressing: in spring and summer, organic fertilizer is perfect as a top dressing for clivia, which should be alternated every two weeks with a full mineral fertilizer.
Bloom: The correct dormancy period ensures regular flowering of the clivia. For young plants, the dormant period should be maintained for two months, for older plants longer. During this period, the clivia should not be watered.
When the height of the peduncle of the plant has reached 10 cm, the pot with clivia is transferred to a warm place, watered and fertilized. It is important that the location of the plant is constant, because the clivia does not like frequent rearrangements. If the plant has to be moved, it is necessary to follow the previous direction of growth of the leaves, otherwise they may fall off. During the growing season, clivia produces up to 10 young leaves.
Typically, the month of flowering clivia is February. Some representatives of this plant can bloom for a month, because the flowers, of which there are up to 30 in the peduncle, bloom gradually. When artificially pollinated, clivia forms green fruits, which, after a year, turn orange-red. To harvest the seeds, the fruits must ripen and become soft. Fruiting depletes the plant, therefore, if there is no need for fruits, the ovaries can be cut off.
Transfer: the young clivia plant is transplanted annually, the older one less often when its roots come out of the pot. The fleshy roots of clivia, which serve as a source of water and nutrients, do not respond well to transplanting. In places of breaks and breaks, they can rot. Before immersion in the ground, they must be treated with ash or, for example, crushed coal. After the end of the dormant period, if the clivia does not need to be transplanted, it is advisable to remove about 5 cm of the top soil near the plant and replace it with fresh soil.
For clivia, you need to pick up a small pot and loose, slightly acidic soil. A mixture of humus and peat soil is perfect, which must be mixed with the same amount of sod, it is good to add superphosphate to the soil. It is very important to have good drainage at the bottom of the pot. Clivia is considered an excellent hydroponic crop.
Clivia transplant at home
Unless there are circumstances that require an immediate plant transplant, the clivia is transplanted after flowering, during a dormant period.
If you are not going to propagate the clivia from seeds harvested from the plant, the flower arrow should be cut off. The plant is greatly weakened, giving strength to the production of offspring.
When transshipment, it is necessary to preserve the roots, since the wounds can become infected and the roots will begin to rot, especially since the plant likes abundant watering. Young plants are transplanted annually, while the old ones only change the top layer of the loosened soil. When planting in a new container, the soil layer should not cover the base of the leaves. Constant dampness in this place will lead to decay.
If the roots are damaged during transshipment, they must be carefully treated with charcoal dust. The planted plant is shaded and creates comfortable conditions for rapid rooting.
At the same time, new offspring can be gently disentangled from the mother plant for reproduction of the clivia. An indispensable condition will be the presence of at least four leaves in young plants. Only under this condition can the roots feed the young plant.
You can plant young children in separate cups, with a bottom hole and a drainage layer. In this case, the diameter of the dish should be about 7 cm in diameter. You can root two or three plants in one pot. When clivia is reproduced at home by children, it will give a flower arrow for the second or third season.
It is considered important not to create a dormant period of two years for young plants. They must intensively throw out the leaves, accumulate a supply of food in order to bloom faster. Continuous watering and feeding will speed up the formation of the arrow.
Clivia: home care
Caution! Clivia leaves and roots contain a toxin that is unsafe for health. Take care when caring for the plant. Do not allow plant parts and sap to enter the body. Keep it out of the reach of children and animals.
Lighting and temperature of content
Where you put the clivia is not particularly important. The main thing is that the lighting is bright enough, but without direct sunlight. You can even put it near the southern window, but at some distance, so that the burning rays do not fall on the plant.
The most acceptable temperature for growing clivia is from +20 to +25 degrees. But at the same time, for abundant flowering, she also needs a rest period. It usually starts in mid-autumn. During this period, we must try to provide it with cooler conditions within the range of +12 +14 degrees. The emergence of a peduncle will indicate the exit of the clivia from a state of dormancy. Many amateur flower growers do without this period. This does not particularly harm the general condition of the plant, but the flowering is poorer.
Note. The wintering period of clivia depends on its age and size. Accordingly, the older and the largest the flower, the longer the dormant period.
In summer, clivia will feel much better not indoors, but in the fresh air, be it a window sill by an open window, a balcony, a loggia or a garden plot. The main thing is to protect it for this time from the sultry sun and strong winds.
Watering and feeding clivia
In watering clivia, moderation should be observed, but also not to allow the earth to dry out completely. Determining the need for watering is easy. As soon as the top layer of soil in the pot has dried, it's time to water. The exception is the rest period. At this time, the clivia need not be watered at all. Or, in order to avoid loss of leaves - very rarely and in moderation. After the plant comes out of dormancy, watering resumes as usual. Clivia is partial to the quality of her irrigation water. You can not use water directly from the tap, let it settle well. It will be very good if you soften it. Clivia prefers soft water. Read how to soften water for irrigation - here.
When choosing fertilizers for top dressing, give preference to specialized fertilizers. Any fertilizer for flowering plants will do, though. The main thing is that it does not contain a large amount of nitrogen, which will slow down the main flowering and prevent the possible re-flowering of clivia. A good result is given by the alternation of liquid organic matter and a complete mineral complex. For the normal development of the plant, two additional dressings per month are enough during the period from the beginning of the growing season (coming out of dormancy) until the end of summer - early autumn.
As for the air humidity, it is insignificant for clivia. You can limit yourself to simply wiping the leaves with a damp sponge. And even then, it is rather a hygienic procedure.
First flowering of clivia grown from seed. The plant is a little over four years old.
It usually falls at the end of winter - spring. Although there are not uncommon exceptions. The timing of flowering of clivia can shift depending on the conditions of maintenance, age, size and condition of the plant. Mature and well-groomed plants often bloom again, after a certain period of time. The main thing to remember if you want to get a beautiful and abundant flowering of clivia is to provide the plant with good lighting, regular watering and an appropriate temperature for this period.
Advice. After the plant has come out of dormancy and you have moved it to a bright, warm place, its various movements, including turning the pot, are unacceptable.
The flowering of clivia is relatively long. It can last up to a month. After its completion, you can safely transfer the flower to fresh air in light partial shade. At the same time, you can carry out a transplant, the separation of children. The question often arises - What to do with the peduncle? To cut off the clivia peduncle or not? My advice is not to rush. The peduncle is essentially a modified leaf and it plays a role in the life of the plant. It is also likely that the clivia will bear fruit and you will want to give it a chance to ripen in order to obtain seeds suitable for propagation. At the same time, you will still have to cut the peduncle, but the plant itself will tell you when it is better to do it. Gradually, it will begin to turn yellow and dry. Usually, with the beginning of wintering, the peduncle can be removed.
This flower does not like transplants. Therefore, it is best not to disturb him unnecessarily. In adult plants, this need arises most often when the roots no longer fit in the old pot and begin to break through the drainage holes. But even in this case, it is advisable to limit the transfer to a more spacious pot. Usually the need for a clivia transplant occurs every three years. Young plants in the first years of life are transplanted a little more often. This is due to the more intensive development of the root system and the entire plant as a whole. Use extreme caution when transplanting. Try not to damage the roots of the flower. Any damage to the root system of the clivia can lead to its decay and death of the plant. If the root is still damaged, then be sure and immediately sprinkle it with crushed activated carbon.
This is how the root system of clivia looks after cleaning from the ground. It remains only to remove a couple - three damaged roots, and you can plant in a new pot.
Advice. Clivia doesn't like spacious dishes. Therefore, select the next pot for transplanting only slightly larger than the previous one. In a spacious pot, it will bloom poorly.
The composition of the soil suitable for clivia is quite simple and it is quite possible to prepare it yourself at home. It is enough to mix in equal parts turf, leafy soil and sand... For young plants, you can slightly increase the sand content in the mixture, or even better replace it with perlite or vermiculite. Before transplanting (transferring) to a new pot, be sure to add a layer of drainage material.
Advice. Make sure that the entire lower part of the leaves remains above the ground. Otherwise, there is a high probability of their decay.
Reproduction of clivia
This can be done in two ways: by seeds and by separating the baby. True, for this you need to have either a seed or a baby.
Often, the clivia fetus is tied independently, without outside interference. But in order to get guaranteed fruit, it will be necessary to cross-pollinate the flowers during flowering. Fruit ripening is quite long, it can last up to nine months. When the berries become very soft, this will be a sign of ripeness.
Keep in mind. Fruiting depletes the plant. Therefore, you should not overuse it.
The seeds, peeled from the pulp, are planted in a light mixture of sand (or perlite) and peat. The seed is deepened to a centimeter depth and placed under a transparent cap (glass jar, for example). Care for a planted seed is the same as for a date stone or ordinary seeds of flowers and vegetables planted on seedlings. Depending on the conditions, seedlings may appear in a month and a half. When the first true leaf appears, the young clivia can be planted in a small pot of permanent soil. As the flower develops, transplant it into another, large container. After three years, in the fourth, you can try to stimulate flowering. To do this, with the onset of autumn, stop watering and place the flower in a cool place for two months. If the clivia has not bloomed, that's okay. So it's not time yet.
Reproduction by children
A year after flowering and transplanting, the clivia gave birth to a baby. Accordingly, she is now six years old.
This is an easier method, although it requires the utmost care and caution. And the flowering of such clivia occurs much earlier. But first you need to wait until the plant gives birth to a baby and it reaches a sufficient size. A baby clivia suitable for separation should have a minimum of four leaves. It is deposited from the mother plant after the end of flowering simultaneously with the transplant. The separated baby is planted in a small pot filled with a very light substrate. Often, clean sand or perlite is used for this. The biggest danger that lies in wait for a young clivia at this stage is waterlogging. Therefore, try to water it very sparingly. When the plant grows up and its roots get stronger, it can be transplanted into a more nutritious, but not particularly heavy soil. Clivia propagated in this way may well bloom in two to three years.
Precautions for growing clivia
This member of the Amaryllis family has toxic sap, so you need to place it in the house so that small children and pets do not have access to it.
Clivia is very beautiful and sophisticated. She is loved for both beautiful leaves and bright fragrant flowers.
The positive thing about growing this green pet is its easy care. Even beginner growers can easily grow this plant in their home.
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