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How to properly grow cabbage seeds at home

How to properly grow cabbage seeds at home


White cabbage is one of the most common and favorite garden crops. Most of the owners of summer cottages and household plots are engaged in its cultivation with pleasure and enthusiasm. Many of them manage to grow not only heads of cabbage, but also cabbage seeds.

What kind of soil does cabbage like when planting?

In order to grow a good harvest of cabbage, you need to choose the right place for planting it... Much depends on where your summer cottage is located. So which plot to pick up in order to harvest a rich crop later? Self-selection is good, but it is better to listen to the advice of experienced gardeners. The best solution is a river floodplain, where the roots of the moisture-loving plant are provided with an abundant supply of water. The soil for this garden crop can be of any type with an alkaline or neutral reaction. Cabbage will definitely love this land. Sour soil is categorically not suitable for growing cabbage, which increases the likelihood of a vegetable being hit by a keel. If the soil on your site has an acidic reaction, then before growing cabbage, it must be calcified.

Dolomite flour is considered the best deoxidizer. It contains not only calcium, due to which acidity decreases, but also magnesium, which has a beneficial effect on the quality of vegetable products and contributes to the accumulation of sugars. Dolomite (limestone) flour is introduced in the spring, you can right before planting cabbage. But fluff lime must be applied in the fall.

The soil for the greenhouse is prepared from a mixture of turf or peat with humus in equal proportions, and wood ash is also added here in a small amount. In the greenhouse, the soil mixture is covered with a layer 10 cm or more thick. The optimal greenhouse size for cabbage seedlings is 3x1.5, although this is not critical.

How to grow a good harvest?

To get a high yield of cabbage, it is necessary to follow agricultural techniques at all stages of growing a vegetable crop, namely:

  • properly prepare seed material;
  • sow and grow strong healthy seedlings;
  • plant seedlings in the ground according to all the rules;
  • carry out the necessary care of plants;
  • harvest the resulting crop without loss.

Preparing white cabbage seedlings

To obtain strong healthy seedlings and subsequently a large head of cabbage and a high yield of white cabbage, you should take care of obtaining high-quality seed material in a timely manner. Many gardeners are engaged in growing their own cabbage seeds.
Seedlings of white cabbage can be planted in greenhouses, greenhouses, open ground. It is possible at home, but, as experience shows, in this case the seedlings are weak, less resistant to diseases.

The most common method is still growing cabbage seedlings in greenhouses of various sizes and designs.... It is possible to sow seeds in a greenhouse from the beginning of April. The location of the greenhouse is pre-selected and equipped. Uniform illumination of the area by the sun is a prerequisite.

Seeds are carefully sown in transverse grooves, buried by no more than 10 mm. After planting, the area is leveled. The soil is slightly moistened, and the crops are covered with a film. The greenhouse is regularly opened, about once every three days, for ventilation.
Seedlings are ready for open field planting approximately 3 weeks after seeding. As soon as the 4th real sheet appears. But you should not rush, you can wait until the root system and the entire plant as a whole get stronger. This will ensure that the cabbage will grow and bloom confidently outdoors. Usually full readiness for transplanting to a permanent one occurs when 5-6 leaves are deployed.

Seeds of cabbage of early ripening varieties are sown for seedlings in March, mid-ripening varieties - at the end of March-April, late-ripening varieties - in April.

Planting seedlings in the open ground in spring

When the seedlings are ready for planting in open ground, in order to be sure that it will grow comfortably, the following activities are carried out:

  1. A greenhouse is opened to harden the plants.
  2. A week before the planned planting, the watering rate is reduced, but so as to prevent wilting.
  3. The day before the transfer of plants to a permanent place, they are fertilized with potash fertilizer.
  4. A bed is being prepared for planting cabbage: they dig up, remove weeds, outline holes.

Depending on the ripening period, the plants are placed at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other. Cabbage is planted either in rows or staggered, observing the recommended distance between adjacent specimens. It is necessary to plant seedlings carefully so as not to cover the growing point with earth. The wells are pre-spilled with water and after planting, and abundant watering is also carried out.

Care after landing

The agricultural technique for caring for cabbage is quite simple and includes:

  • watering;
  • top dressing;
  • loosening and hilling;
  • control of weeds, diseases and pests.

Watering is carried out regularly, depending on the weather, once every 2-3 days, abundantly, since the plant is moisture-loving, with cold water.

Watering of mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties stops about a month before harvest. This rule does not apply to early maturing varieties.

After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil to provide air access to the plant root system. Hilling is done as needed, about once every two weeks.

Top dressing of cabbage in the open field is carried out several times.
The first time a week two after disembarkation with infusion of mullein, diluted with water at the rate of 1 liter per 10 liters.
Re-feeding with the same composition is carried out after 2 weeks.
Potash fertilizers and urea will be used when the heads of cabbage begin to set. Both in the amount of 10 g are bred in a bucket of water and foliar feeding is carried out.

Pests

White cabbage is susceptible to attack by various pests: white cabbage, cruciferous flea, slugs and others. This culture is also affected by fungal diseases. Therefore, during the entire growing period, it is necessary to carry out protective, preventive and therapeutic measures. Today, you can purchase effective means to combat garden misfortunes and process plantings according to the instructions attached to the preparations. Folk remedies also give a good result.proven for decades.

The recipe for an effective means for spraying plants from cabbage whites, aphids and other insect pests: boil 400 g of tobacco dust for 2 hours in 2 liters of water, then strain the broth, add laundry soap in an amount of 50 g and bring the volume of the solution up to 10 liters. Spray the cabbage with the resulting drug.

How to get cabbage seeds

Cabbage is a biennial plant. I.e you can get its seeds only in the second yearwhen the plant forms flowers and fruits.
Thus, having grown heads of cabbage from seedlings, we pass only halfway to obtain seeds. It is necessary to select suitable plants for mother plants. Preference is given to undersized specimens with a thin stump, a small number of outer leaves with short petioles.

If possible, cabbage is grown on mother plants by direct sowing of seeds into the ground. In this case, it is possible to obtain plants with a strong root system and a short stump, which are better stored.
The mothers are harvested before frost, stored with the roots, dipping them first in a clay chatterbox.

Leaving a head of cabbage with 2-3 cover sheets, it is stored separately from food supplies in a basement or cellar at a temperature of + 2 ° C. One month before planting, the mother liquors are transferred to a room with a temperature of + 5 ° C.
In late March - early April next year, the preparation of mother plants for planting begins. The rotted roots are cleaned and the head is cut into a cone so that the base diameter is 12-20 cm. For growing the stumps before planting in the ground, they are kept in the light for 2-3 weeks, stacked, roots inward, interlayering with humus. It is necessary to ensure that the planting material does not dry out during this time, does not freeze and does not sputter.

For the planting of mother liquors, the areas from which the snow melts first are taken away. Since autumn, when digging, such a site is fertilized with manure at the rate of 4-5 kg ​​/ m2. Compost can also be used. In the spring, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are also introduced here at the rate of 10g / m2 and 20g / m2, respectively. If necessary, nitrogen fertilization is carried out (15 g / m2).

The correct time for planting testes in the ground

Disembarkation date - end of April... Before planting, the roots of the plants are coated with a creamy mixture of mullein and clay. They are planted in holes located at a distance of 60 cm from each other, under the very head of cabbage. Plants are watered and shaded for the first time from the sun, and also protect from frost. Caring for the testes is the same as for planting other vegetables: weeding, watering, loosening, feeding.
After two weeks, the rooted plants are freed from the remnants of old leaf blades and petioles to avoid decay. When peduncles develop, a garter is made to the supports. Non-flowering and diseased shoots are removed.

Excess peduncles are also cut off. Flowering lasts about a month.
Seeds in pod fruits ripen a month and a half after the end of flowering. Seeds are harvested without waiting for the fruit to fully ripen, otherwise the very first ones will be lost, spilling out of the pods. Up to 50 g of seed can be harvested from one plant. The seeds extracted from the pods are dried and stored.

It is not so difficult to grow a good harvest of white cabbage and get high-quality seed material next year, you just need to follow all the points of agricultural technology of this garden crop. Our tips to help you.


The well-known cabbage is an overgrown apical bud of a plant, in which the entire set of nutritional components is concentrated. Inexperienced gardeners have a logical question that the head is cut off and the plant stops growing, and it is not clear where the seeds come from then.

It turns out that only in the second year of crop growth from the apical soil, a shoot with peduncles is formed, from which fruits later ripen - pods with seeds, colored brown and having an angular-rounded shape.

Sometimes it happens that the plant produces flower stalks in the first year of growth. But collecting such seeds is not recommended, since this material is characterized by a poor probability of germination, weakened sprouts that rarely form heads of cabbage.

Note! Cabbage is a two-year-old crop that must go through all stages of growth and development for full fruiting.


Growing Brussels sprouts is quite simple, the most important thing is to choose the right variety and provide optimal conditions.

It is worth noting that seeds sprout literally in 2-3 days, however, it develops for a very long time, on average, for 180 days. That is why, in order to grow a good harvest, you need to grow it with seedlings.

Brussels sprouts are characterized by the fact that they are unusual in appearance and quite useful.

This vegetable contains a lot of protein, as well as other useful substances.


Planting dates for Brussels sprouts seeds

In the cold, northern regions, the climate is difficult for cabbage cultivation.

This is due to the likelihood of temperature changes, as well as difficult climatic conditions.

Sowing seeds too early in open ground is undesirable, since most of the plant will die.

To grow cabbage in the northern regions, you need to plant grown seedlings in the soil. Planting is done in mid-May, and the seedlings themselves should be about two months old.

Cultivation of cabbage in the middle lane has its own specific characteristics. In this case, only early or mid-early varieties should be selected. Sowing for growing seedlings must be no later than April 25.

In regions with a mild and warm climate, sowing seeds should begin in mid-March.

Preparing seeds for planting

To get a strong and healthy plant, it is imperative to properly prepare the seeds.

To prevent diseases, you need to keep them in water at a temperature of 50 degrees for 20-30 minutes, and then cool them very quickly under running water.

When everything is ready, you need to treat the seeds with the "Immunophytocyte" preparation. To do this, dilute 0.3-0.45 g of the drug with 10-15 ml of water. Process 5 g of seeds with the prepared solution.

It is best to use quality hybrids, as they are already disinfected and protected from various fungal infections.

They can be sown immediately, without preliminary disinfection, heating and soaking.

Seedling soil

For sowing cabbage, you must first prepare the soil.

To do this, take 1 part of ordinary garden soil and 2 parts of compost.

In addition, a mixture such as:

  • 3 parts humus
  • 1 part garden land
  • 1 part sand.

Before planting seeds in it, the finished mixture must be disinfected by steaming or freezing.

Leave the soil mixture for 2 weeks so that all the required processes are fully restored.

Additionally, it is recommended to populate it with soil microorganisms, using Agrovit or Baikal EM-1 for this.

You can also sow seeds in already prepared seedling soil.

It is very light, nutritious, friable, has the required acidity, and does not contain microbes and weeds.

Planting seeds in the ground

Seeds must be sown in boxes that are at least 7 cm deep.

The container must first be thoroughly rinsed, disinfected and dried well.

Only after preliminary preparation, prepared soil is poured into the boxes.

A few days before planting the seeds, the soil must be moistened, and also treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. To disinfect the soil, you can also use the drug Fitosporin.

Seeds should be sown into grooves at a distance and depth of 1-1.5 cm. The distance between rows should be 3-4 cm. After sowing, lightly sprinkle with soil.

After that, compact the earth a little, putting a board on it, moisten it with a spray bottle with warm water and cover with a film.

Put in a warm place and the first shoots should appear in 3-5 days.

Immediately after their appearance, the film must be removed and the container must be placed on the windowsill, where there is a lot of light.

To prevent the seedlings from stretching too much, you need to use artificial lighting sources, since the daylight hours for seedlings should be 16-18 hours.

During the week, the first sprouts need to lower the temperature to 6-10 degrees.

When the seedlings grow up a little, the temperature needs to be in the range of 16-18 degrees, since at high temperature indicators, the seedlings will stretch for a long time.

High temperatures in combination with a lack of lighting are especially detrimental.

How often to water the seedlings?

Cabbage is a moisture-loving plant, however, do not overfill the seedlings with water too much.

It grows well only if its roots breathe normally, since this culture simply does not tolerate stagnant water.

If the soil is highly moistened, the roots begin to rot, blackleg infection may occur and the plant will die. However, lack of moisture causes growth retardation.

Seedlings are watered when the soil in the pots dries up.

This is best done in the morning.

The water intended for irrigation should not be too cold, since if the soil is rapidly cooled, the activity of the root system decreases sharply.

In addition, the seedlings become very weak and they become more susceptible to disease.

A week before planting, watering must be stopped. When the very first 2-3 leaves appear, you need to fertilize.

The lighting should be good enough for the seedlings to grow normally, however, be sure to protect them from direct sunlight.

Hardening of seedlings

About 2 weeks before transplanting seedlings into the ground, you need to gradually reduce the temperature to 5-6 degrees and increase the duration and intensity of lighting.

This is a kind of hardening of the sprouts for their normal growth and development.

The easiest way to comply with all these conditions is to put the seedlings on the balcony for a while.

So that she does not suffer from the sun's rays, at first she needs to be covered with a film.

Planting seedlings in open ground

You need to plant cabbage in the soil only when the seedlings are 10 cm high and it is recommended to do this at the very beginning of May.

In order to get a fairly good harvest as a result, it is preferable to plant seedlings in areas where crucifers have not previously grown.

The site must be sufficiently well lit and located away from large trees.

If there is little light, then the plants will begin to stretch in height and at the same time they become weak and vulnerable to various diseases.

As a preventive measure against fungi, nitrogen fertilization is not recommended.

It is worth growing the vegetable on loamy, rich soils, into which additional compost is added.

If the soil is heavy or sandy loam, then the heads of cabbage are weak and sick.

For the full growth of a vegetable, the temperature of its growth should be approximately 15-18 degrees. If the temperature is 25 degrees or more, then this somewhat worsens the quality of the fruit.

When planting seedlings in a permanent place of growth, the distance between individual rows should be 70 cm, and between adjacent plants - 60 cm.

In areas with strong and constant winds, it is recommended to install strong supports to prevent damage and blockage of the vegetable.

Initially, it is recommended to remove the lower heads of cabbage in order to ensure further full growth and the required nutrition of the uppermost fruits.

There is nothing difficult in growing Brussels sprouts, you just need to choose the right variety for your region and you can start sowing seeds in early spring.

To get a good harvest, you need to provide the required growing conditions.

We hope now, knowing how to grow seedlings of Brussels sprouts, you will get a rich harvest!


Planting and caring for cabbage in the garden

During the preparation of plants for life in the open air, it is advisable to prepare the site in advance. The soil is depleted over time, so it is impossible to plant cabbage in one place more than 2-3 times in a row. It is recommended to place this vegetable at intervals of 4-5 years. It is best to place cabbage beds after potatoes, onions, legumes, and grains. The soil should be slightly acidic or neutral. To lower the acidity, even in the fall, you need to dig up the earth with lime or dolomite flour, while adding mineral fertilizers. In order for the plant to take root without problems, a cloudy day or evening would be ideal.

Basic rules on how to grow white cabbage in a garden bed so that the seedlings do not interfere with each other's growth:

  • distance between rows for early varieties - 0.5 m, between plants - not less than 0.25 m
  • for mid-season cabbage and late cabbage, place the rows at a distance of 0.6 m and 0.35 m, respectively.

Cauliflower is planted in rows 50 cm apart, plants are planted 20-40 cm apart. Large-headed varieties should be planted less frequently. The manufacturer on the package gives recommendations for planting each species. Since frosts are detrimental to this cabbage crop, a small greenhouse may be needed for the first time (a small tunnel covered with plastic wrap, spunbond or other materials).

Then they make depressions in the soil, water abundantly, fertilize and place the seedling in such a way as not to deepen the core. The root system develops in the upper soil layer. The first days, the seedlings should preferably be kept in the shade or covered from the sun; new ones are placed in place of the missing plants.

Cabbage is a demanding vegetable to care for.... She needs regular weeding, abundant watering (8-10 liters per square meter the first days after planting and then once a week about 15 liters), hilling. The plant is fed until the time of harvesting 3 times, 1 liter for each plant:

  • organic fertilizer for leaf growth (from 0.5 liters of mullein to 1 bucket of water)
  • after 10 days, re-feeding from 0.5 liter of mullein, manure and 1 microelement tablet
  • the third feeding is required for late varieties in order to increase the growth of the roach (superphosphate is added to the solution).

Growing seedlings in the open field

This method is suitable for southern regions. In part, the whole process is simplified, since the plants do not require transplanting and grow more hardened. If there is a greenhouse or greenhouse, then the seeds can be sown in September, the seedlings will sprout and grow stronger until November, and already in May you can harvest. The whole process of caring for seedlings and cabbage is otherwise no different from the usual.

Competent care and care of the plant will reward the gardener with a high yield of a capricious, but healthy and vitamin-rich vegetable.


How to care

This cabbage, like any other, grows well after cucumbers, carrots, garlic and onions. It is good if you first grow green manure in the garden prepared for her, and then plant her seedlings. She loves light neutral soils, since autumn the beds are fertilized with humus or compost, ash, which can be introduced into the holes and during planting. Seedlings are planted in the ground up to the very leaves, at a distance of 40 cm from each other. Early plantings can be closed for a week - another with non-woven fabric. This will save her not only from unwanted cold snaps, but also from the most unpleasant pest - the cruciferous flea.

2 weeks after planting, the seedlings are mulched to retain moisture and protect the planting from weeds. It is usually watered once a week, when the temperature rises - more often, it is important that moisture penetrates 20 cm into the ground. Chinese cabbage does not require special care; when grown, it is watered, fed, the soil around it is loosened, weeds are removed, and pests are protected - everything is the same as with any other type of cabbage.

It is imperative to loosen the ground after watering or rains, so that an earthen crust does not form. They usually feed it 2 or 3 times per season, and the one that was planted later is fed less. To do this, use a solution of mullein (tenfold) or bird droppings (twentyfold), herbal infusions. For better formation of heads of cabbage, they are sprayed with a solution of boric acid.

Slugs, snails, and cruciferous fleas can damage crops if left unchecked. For prevention and control, wood ash is used - it is sprinkled (powdered) on the plantings and the earth around it, or they are watered with an ash solution. You can also use tobacco, mustard and hot peppers. The smells of tomatoes, garlic, onions, calendula, petunias scare off pests, they can be planted among cabbage. If necessary, use biopreparations "Fitoferm", "Bitoksibatsilin", if you resort to chemicals like "Aktara", then remember that they can be used no later than a month before harvesting.

Dense heads of cabbage are cut off, spring ones are eaten immediately, and summer ones can be put for long-term storage, they are wrapped with cling film and kept at a temperature not higher than +5 or + 7 degrees.


Caring for cabbage seedlings at home

Conditions for growing cabbage seedlings

As soon as seedlings appear in the common box, the crops are moved to the most illuminated place, and the temperature of the content is lowered to 10-12 ºC, otherwise the seedlings will begin to stretch. After a week, the temperature is raised to 15-17 ºC, and after another 3-4 days the seedlings are dived into separate cups or pots. As soon as the seedlings take root after the dive, the following temperature regime is set for them: during the day - 13-14 ºC, and at night - 10-12 ºC. At first, cabbage seedlings grow very slowly, but gradually their growth is gaining momentum, and three weeks after the pick, they will already have three leaves.

Keep in mind that cauliflower seedlings require 6-8 ºC higher temperatures than white cabbage and other varieties.

Seedlings grown in tablets or in cassettes are not dived, otherwise the conditions for growing cabbage seedlings are the same as for seedlings grown in a common box. Do not forget to thin out the seedlings, leaving one more developed seedling in each container.

Highlighting cabbage seedlings

For normal development, cabbage seedlings need good lighting, and at the end of winter and early spring it dawns late and darkens early. How to grow cabbage seedlings in a short daylight hours and not allow it to stretch? It is necessary to install an LED or fluorescent lamp or phytolamp over the seedlings at a height of 20-25 cm, which should work at least 12, and better - 15 hours a day.

Do not use incandescent bulbs for artificial lighting - they do not emit the light that plants need, and besides, they heat the air.

Photo: Growing cabbage in a box

Watering cabbage seedlings

Seedlings of cabbage at home need watering as the topsoil dries out. Both insufficient soil moisture and excessive soil moisture are dangerous for seedlings, and in order not to have to water the seedlings too often, do not neglect the loosening of the soil. To moisten the soil, use settled water at room temperature. Be sure to ventilate the area after each watering.

Fertilizing cabbage seedlings

The first time the cabbage is fed a week after picking with a solution of 2 g of ammonium nitrate, 1 g of potassium fertilizer and 4 g of superphosphate in 1 liter of water. Two weeks after the first feeding, you can add a second one, doubling the amount of fertilizer for the same amount of water. The third top dressing is applied a day or two before planting on the garden, therefore it is called hardening: 4 g of superphosphate, 2 g of ammonium nitrate and 6-7 g of potassium fertilizer are dissolved in one liter of water. An increased dose of potassium contributes to the rapid survival of seedlings in the open field.

Pickling cabbage seedlings (transplant)

As we already wrote, only the cabbage that was sown in the common box is dived. One and a half weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are seated in separate pots, watered with a solution of one tablet of Alirin-B and one tablet of Gamair in 10 liters of water and for 2-3 days, until the seedlings take root, the temperature in the room is maintained within 17-18 ºC ... The seedlings are deepened by cotyledon leaves, and the surface of the substrate after planting, in order to prevent the black leg, is covered with a layer of washed river sand 2 mm thick. As soon as the seedlings adapt in a new container, the daytime temperature is lowered to 13-14 ºC, and the nighttime temperature to 10-12 ºC.


  • Rules for growing cabbage seedlings and care

    If your cabbage seedlings are sown in a greenhouse, special care is not required, except for regular watering. Watering is still better with water at room temperature. Top dressing is also not required before planting in a permanent place, since we have already planted it in a nutritious soil. There will also be enough light for her at this time.

    But for a grown house, additional care will be required.

    1st feeding ... 1-2 days after planting the seeds, the first seven-lobed leaves will appear. We count the 10th day from this day and feed with yeast feeding. To do this, dilute 10 g of dry yeast in 1 liter of warm water, add 3 tbsp. l. sugar, stir. Leave for 5 hours to activate the yeast. After this time, without diluting the solution, water the seedlings. This is an ideal top dressing, since yeast contains all the nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the plant. Such seedlings will start well and will subsequently give good green mass.

    2nd feeding is carried out in the phase of two true leaves and it is carried out with nitrogen fertilizers. You can buy ready-made complex nitrogen fertilizers, or prepare, for example, herbal infusion at a dilution of 1:10. Now on sale there is an organic mineral fertilizer "Barrel and four buckets". This is an ideal fertilizer, as it contains 3% nitrogen, potassium and humates and 1.5% phosphorus. The fertilizer ensures the harmonious growth of strong seedlings, increases stress resistance and promotes the full development of the root system.

    Temperature regime ... I have already noted that cabbage loves the cold. Therefore, at first, the temperature should be + 18-20 ° C during the day, and + 15-17 ° C at night. The older the seedlings are, the more the temperature should gradually decrease. Otherwise, the plants will stretch out and be frail.

    Backlight ... Cabbage thrives well with sufficient light. If you sowed seeds in February-March to release early varieties of vegetables, then the plants will need additional lighting. In the first 3 days after the emergence of seedlings, supplementary lighting is carried out around the clock under phyto-lamps or fluorescent lamps. From the 4th day, they need to provide 12-hour daylight hours.

    Hardening ... 10 days before planting seedlings in open ground, they need to start hardening. In the early days, it is enough to open the window above it for 3-4 hours. Subsequently, you need to take it out to the balcony or loggia, first for 3-4 hours, each time we increase the time. It is advisable to put the plants in the sun, but for the first time it is necessary to cover them with dry gauze, thereby shading the delicate leaves so that the bright spring sun does not burn them.

    From the 6th day of watering, we limit watering and leave the cabbage on the balcony (loggia) until it is planted in the ground.

    Immediately before planting, we place the cups in water for 10 seconds, and by transshipment they take out the plant along with a lump of earth and plant it in a permanent place.

    Disease prevention ... Young seedlings with abundant watering and insufficient ventilation can get sick with black leg or root rot. As soon as you notice the signs of these diseases, start treatment immediately. To prevent the seedlings from falling off the black leg, dry the soil inside the glass, loosen it and sprinkle it with ash. To cope with root rot, and with a black leg, too, treatment with trichodermin or rhizoplan will help. And from the cruciferous flea, the drug Intavir will help. Use drugs strictly according to the instructions.

    Performing all these actions, on the 35-40th day, the seedlings can be transplanted into the open ground, and after another 40-50 days it will already be possible to remove the first forks of early cabbage.

    While preparing the material for the article, I found a video that tells how you can transplant cabbage seedlings grown in rolls without soil into a greenhouse for further growing.