Tenacious, or Ayuga (Ajuga) - belongs to the genus of herbaceous plants of the family Lipocytes, or Lamb. In nature, there are more than 50 species of this plant: both annual and perennial. The tenacious grows on different continents, but it is most common in Europe and Asia.
The tenacious plant is an amazing plant that can adapt and survive in any conditions. It is not for nothing that the miracle flower has received several names among the people that characterize its main quality: tenacity, unfading and non-fading.
Description of the plant tenacious
Ayuga can be either an annual or a perennial plant. Depending on the species, the height of the vivuchka varies from 5 to 50 cm. Neumirashka is a very attractive plant with blue, blue, purple or yellow flowers and leaves of various shades. The tenacious is evergreen, semi-evergreen or deciduous.
Ayuga became popular among flower growers back in the 17th century. It was first presented at a flower show in London. Then, gradually, an unpretentious plant appeared in gardens and flower beds around the world. The tenacious can be seen in rock gardens, along garden paths, under the crowns of trees and bushes. A beautiful natural carpet made from this plant can beautify any landscape in various climatic zones.
Growing a tenacious plant from seeds
Buying seeds and growing a plant yourself is not at all difficult. But, you need to know that with this method of reproduction, the plant does not always inherit the characteristics of the variety from which the seeds were taken. The color of inflorescences and leaves may differ from that of an adult plant.
There is no need to grow tenacious seedlings in boxes. Seeds are sown in open ground when the threat of frost has passed. Sowing can be done in the fall. With the onset of warmth, seedlings will appear, which are usually stronger and more resilient than those sown in spring.
Ayuga seeds can not only be bought in a specialized store, but also collected by yourself. Store them in a cool dry place.
The tenacious can multiply by self-seeding. But, in this case, a completely different variety will appear on the flowerbed. To avoid the extermination of the desired Ayuga variety, it is necessary to pick off the flower stalks that have already faded in time.
Care for a tenacious plant in the open field
As mentioned earlier, growing and caring for this plant does not pose any problem, even for novice florists. But there are a number of conditions under which the tenacious will look healthy and will not lose its decorative appearance.
Location and lighting
The tenacious prefers semi-shady areas. She feels great under the crowns of trees or under rose bushes. Withstands Ayuga and the scorching rays of the sun. It can grow along paths and on rock gardens among stones.
Ayuga loves loamy soils that are rich in humus. This does not mean at all that the plant will not grow in a sandy area. It's just that in dry weather, the Ayuga needs to be watered occasionally. It can withstand prolonged droughts, but without watering it can lose its decorative effect.
Top dressing and fertilizers
The tenacious grows on the poorest soils. She is able to survive in any conditions. But, if you want the plant to look healthy and beautiful, you need to feed the flowers once or twice a month. You can use any universal fertilizer or peat oxidate. Ayuga does not require expensive feeding.
Tenacious after flowering
To make the plant look attractive, it is necessary to regularly remove the fading flower stalks. This is a bit of a tedious process, but the result will not be long in coming and the tenacious will become a worthy decoration of the landscape.
When the winter is snowy, the tenacious survivor perfectly tolerates even the most terrible frosts. But, if there is no snow cover, the plant needs additional protection. Ayuga can be covered with spruce branches, dry fallen leaves or spunbond. In no case should a plastic film be used as a covering material. The plant under it will suffocate and die.
Features of growing a tenacious
The tenacious is capable of expanding and capturing new territory. It can drown out other low-growing plants. In order not to allow the "invader" to go beyond the allotted territory, you can lay out the borders with pebbles. The stones should be slightly deepened into the soil, then the Ayuga will not grow further than it is allowed to.
A very good way to contain the growth of the tenacious and prevent slugs from entering it is to pour paths of gravel or rubble around the plant. Ayuga is not susceptible to diseases and pests, with the exception of slugs that appear during high humidity. These pests destroy the delicate leaves of the Ayuga.
Reproduction of the tenacious
You can grow a tenacious animal in different ways: seed or vegetative. We wrote about the seed method above, so we will consider the vegetative method of reproduction.
The tenacious grows quickly. In order for it to grow well and have enough space, it is necessary to separate the sockets of an adult plant once a year or two years. It is worth doing this in early spring or mid-September. It is important that the separated outlet has a spine.
The tenacious plant is mainly a creeping plant, therefore, the distance between the seedlings should not be small: 25-30 cm.
After planting a young plant, it must be watered. Regular watering is required for the tenacious before it takes root. Then Ayuga feels comfortable in any weather. Only during periods of drought or abnormal heat does the plant need to be watered occasionally.
Types and varieties of tenacious
Several types of Ayuga have been bred by breeders, which are perfect for landscape design.
Creeping insect (Ajuga reptans)
This plant grows in forests and meadows. It is a perennial with rooting creeping shoots. The stem reaches 25 cm in height. It is covered with soft hairs. The flowers are like bells with a pubescent calyx. They form a spike-shaped inflorescence of blue or light blue color. It blooms for three weeks. Ayuga leaves are as attractive as flowers. They grow abundantly and form a lush carpet.
The most common varieties of creeping tenacious are:
- Arctic Snow Is a relatively new variety. Plants with spatulate, dark green, wrinkled-corrugated leaves up to 10 cm long have a wide ash strip in the middle. Outlined with a white rim around the edges.
- Black Skallop - a plant with leaves of deep purple color. The edges of the foliage are uneven. They resemble scallops in shape. Plants of this variety may differ in shade. The color depends on where the tenacious grows. If it grows in a sunny place, then the color will be deeper and more saturated;
- Chocolite Chip - a low plant. It reaches a maximum of 5 cm in height. The leaves of this variety are small and smooth. They can be of two colors at the same time: dark green and purple. Chocolite Chip feels great in shaded areas;
- Multicolor Is a very attractive plant. The color of the leaves of this variety's tenacious changes depending on the lighting. In bright light, the leaves take on a bright purple color with yellow-orange and scarlet blotches. If the plant is planted in the shade, the leaves will turn dark green with yellow and pink patches.
Ayuga pyramidal (Ajuga pyramidalis, Ajuga occidentalis)
In the wild, this species grows in Europe. It usually grows among bushes and on rocks. Bushes grow up to 25 cm in height. The leaves are oval and jagged at the edges. The surface of the sheet plates is covered with pile. The flowers of the pyramidal tenacious are white, pink or deep purple.
Popular varieties are:
- Lunar Landing - a controversial variety that either likes or disgusts. It has yellow flowers.
- Crisp - variety with large green leaves and blue flowers.
- Metallica Crisp - undersized variety. Plant height no more than 5 cm. It has attractive green leaves with a metallic sheen.
A species that is ideal for growers who have absolutely no free time. This plant is attractive in that it does not spread throughout the entire territory. Florists do not need to come up with restraints that will keep the indomitable tenacity in the place reserved for it.
The tenacious geneva has white, blue or pink flowers that bloom from May to July.
Some cultivated varieties of tenacious are grown for the sake of a pleasant smell or medicinal properties.
Herringbone Ayuga (Ajuga chamaecyparissus)
This species is an annual. It reaches a height of 6-7 cm. The leaves resemble cones in their appearance. The flowers are yellow and give off a pleasant coniferous aroma. The herringbone tenacious, grown on the site, will create an imitation of being in a pine forest.
The tenacious of this species blooms for a very long time: from mid-spring to the first frost.
This species grows in the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Iran and is a perennial plant. It reaches a height of 20 cm. The stems grow straight, branching out at the base. They are covered with white hair. Flowers are yellow with purple splashes. Chio's tenacious have wound-healing properties.
Ayuga Turkestan (Ajuga turkestanica)
Natural growing areas are Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Its appearance resembles a low bush. The zhivuchka has brown leaves. Her flowers are bright red. Extracts from shoots of this type have medicinal properties. They are used to create wound-healing preparations. The useful properties of the Turkestan tenacious are being studied. The areas where its application is possible are gradually expanding.
Ground cover plants for the garden Tenacious creeping Ayuga
Ornamental deciduous plants
Tenacious creeping (lat.Ajuga reptans) is a perennial groundcover herb that belongs to the Lamiaceae family, creeping tenacious will become a real decoration of your garden. It belongs to the family of luciferous plants. The progenitors of its many ornamental varieties are often found at the edges of the forest, in meadows and bushes. Wild forms have long been used in folk medicine, possessing antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic properties.
The most common variety of creeping tenacious is Atropurpurea. It was with him that my fascination with tenacious began, His glossy purple-brown foliage attracts with an unusual color tone. Growing rapidly, it forms dense ground cover islands. The leaves are large, with a wavy edge, tapering towards the base. Looks great against the background of light or variegated cereals (ryegrass, falaris) or next to the bluish foliage of a pinnate carnation. The peduncles, which rise 15-20 cm, are "clung to" with dark blue miniature flowers - "dogs". During the period of mass flowering (May-June) it is very elegant, but it is necessary to remove all flower stalks at the end to maintain the neat shape of the plant.
The Multicolor variety is similar to the previous one. The basic color of the foliage is the same for both, but here spots of yellow, pink, green and other colors appear of various sizes and shapes. The first impression when looking at this plant can be deceiving: it seems that the foliage is battered by burns or suffers from a disease. But, looking closely, you find a special charm in these intricate colored stains. In order not to distract attention from the unusual variegated tenacious creeping variety Multicolor, it is preferable to plant it next to plants that have a monochromatic light foliage (the same pinnate carnation).
Variegata has more rounded leaves bordered by a creamy white stripe. It forms a somewhat loose turf. It grows more slowly than other varieties. During the flowering period, the contrast between light foliage and dark flowers gives a special chic to this variety of tenacious.
No less interesting is the Chocolate Chip variety. Of all tenacious creeping it has the smallest leaves, only 3-4 cm long, with an unusual chocolate brown color. Due to the miniature size of the rosettes, it slowly grows, but there is also a positive point here - the arrangement of the peduncles is very dense, they are short and stocky. During the flowering period, a continuous openwork blue cloud forms against the background of glossy foliage. I would give the palm tree of primacy in the beauty of flowering among survivors to the Chocolate Chip variety.
And finally, the tenacious variety that I never cease to admire - Burgundy Glow (Burgundy Glow). The coloration of its large foliage is simply unique! The green center turns into a rich purple-crimson border, which sometimes can completely fill the entire leaf blade. The edge of the leaf has a lighter color - pinkish-white. Sometimes on the same plant there are different variations of the color scheme. Such a bright spot constantly attracts the eye, making us wonder at the unpredictability of living nature.
A characteristic feature of all decorative species of the creeping tenacious is the variability of the saturation of the color, and even its color, depending on the growing conditions and a certain growing season. So, in the shade, you can sometimes observe some "greening" of the foliage, especially in the varieties Atropurpurea and Chocolate Chip. The same changes occur during the period of massive foliage growth - May-June. The brightest color is after winter, when the snow melts, revealing living carpets of extraordinary colors.
A big plus of the tenacious is that they are not susceptible to overgrowth and for a long time their planting retains a compact appearance, without exposing the original center of growth. The size of the colored cushion is adjusted by removing the edge sockets that go beyond the boundaries of the space reserved for them. Since the tenacious species reproduce due to the rooting of ground stolon shoots, without forming underground rhizomes, there is no need to worry that after "shape correction" or transplantation from the ground, "saboteurs" will appear and will fill everything around.
How to propagate ayuga (tenacious)
Based on my own experience, I want to warn you that the seeds formed after flowering are actively spread by ants. And it doesn't matter if a new tenacious grows among the flowers, but to remove a well-rooted outlet from the lawn, you have to work hard.
Therefore, after flowering, it is better to cut the flower stalks on time - painstaking, but necessary work! Diseases do not bother the tenacious, which cannot be said about pests. Slugs may appear in damp, shaded areas. This is noticeable in the halves-quarters of the affected leaves, although this does not happen often.
In the wild, this plant is distributed throughout the world. There are also a lot of garden forms.
I have a creeping tenacious of two varieties - "Atropurpurea" (Atropurpurea) and recently acquired f. variegata (variegated form with a white pattern over green leaves).
The tenacious with purple leaves is remarkable for its endurance, it grows almost anywhere in the garden, filling all the voids, crawling onto paths, and enduring periodic trampling. The leaves of the tenacious are overwintering, in late autumn become completely dark purple with a metallic sheen. During the season, the plant is able to grow into a decent curtain.
Propagated by rosettes. The variety with white-green leaves is more capricious, grows rather slowly, this winter is generally poorly tolerated.
The tenacious bloom in May, blue "candles". Although experts do not appreciate the highly decorative qualities of flowers, I like a blooming bunch of tenacious ones. Link to description and place of purchase in the information.I advise you to pay attention to this reliable and interesting ground cover plant, especially the Atropurpurea variety.
Other interesting purple perennials for the garden
This is not the end of the representatives of the flora with purple flowers. We suggest dwelling on a few more copies.
Houston's Incredible Ageratum
This is a bright representative of the Compositae family. In our climate (depending on the region) it can be grown both as a perennial and as an annual. Ageratum has a fibrous root system, differs in erect or branched stems. Ageratum height is up to 0.5 meters.
The leaves have a rich green color, the edges are jagged. The flowers are quite small, form exquisite baskets, the volume is up to 10 centimeters.
This is a ground cover (Ajuga reptans), which is distinguished by bright purple leaves with scarlet, orange splashes. The tenacious is very resistant to bad weather conditions, as well as to various pests. For its cultivation, it is recommended to use loose soil types, sand, peat, turf are also added there.
These purple perennials can be evergreen or semi-evergreen. Its height is up to 50 centimeters. The arrangement of the leaf plates is opposite. In landscape design, the plant is actively used for planting in rockeries, rock gardens, all kinds of mixborders.
Muscari or Muscari (Viper Onion) is a culture that has a pleasant musky smell, hence the name. The height of the bushes is up to 25 centimeters. They need bright ultraviolet rays, abundant watering. But even in partial shade conditions, they can fully develop.
The flowers are in the shape of spikelets, they are painted in a blue-violet hue. But there are varieties of other colors.
Delicate and aromatic Lavender
Incredible purple perennials are different varieties of Lavandula. The natural shade of colors is dark blue or deep magenta. Peduncles rise very beautifully above the bush.
Flower buds are false whorls, spikelets. Flowering can be observed in July-August.
English Lavender is of incredible beauty, the height of the bushes is up to 1 meter, the leaves are bluish. Differs in a pleasant fragrant aroma.
Purple perennials: Phlox splayed
Phlox divaricata or Phlox spread out is a striking representative of the flora. Leaves are oblong or lanceolate. Flowers reach up to 2 centimeters in volume, form corymbose inflorescences. The splayed phlox will delight you with incredible flowers of lilac, pale purple or bluish hues. The bush blooms since May, endows with its beauty for a month.
Loose types of soils are suitable for cultivation; it can also be planted in slightly acidic ones. The plots can be either sunny or semi-shaded. It is recommended to place phloxes at a 30 cm distance. At the end of flowering, the buds will need to be removed along with the shoots, leaving only 10 centimeters from the stems.
Clematis (Clematis) is rightfully considered the king of vines. It is perfectly used for decorating verandas, gazebos.
Liana is quite easy to care for, it needs to be moistened regularly, as well as mulching the bush. The leaves are green, they are also found with a purple tint. Flowers can be white, pink, but purple is the most beautiful.
Purple perennials are interesting solutions for the formation of sophisticated flower beds. Plant them on your territory to create a special atmosphere on the site.
Red border flowers
Unpretentious red garden border flowers are an ideal solution for plain, dim flower beds. We offer several interesting solutions for your own garden.
Gravilat (Geum) has rather large flowers that are very attractive to bees. In addition to decorative properties, the culture also has medicinal characteristics. The rules for caring for the gravilat are in the systematic removal of weeds, periodic loosening of the soil. Additionally, you will need to remove dry peduncles, feed and water the bushes.
Gourmet red pyrethrum
Pyrethrum comes in a variety of shades, but red is the brightest and most attractive. The height of the bush is up to 0.7 meters, but there are also low representatives - up to 0.4 meters. Caring for pyrethrum consists in moderate watering, fertilization with organic matter and minerals.
Balsam (Impatiens) is a low-growing border that is distinguished by long flowering. It can bloom in different shades, pink and red being the most popular. The maximum height of the bushes is up to 0.5 meters. Fleshy leaves only add originality to the balsam. Balsam grows in different areas, both with good lighting and in the shade.
The culture needs timely watering, it is hygrophilous. It is fed every 2 weeks, for this, mineral compositions are used.
Planting and leaving
Tenacious creeping prefers moderately moist and simply moist fertile soils, but can grow on poor ones, if there is enough moisture. Full or light partial shade lighting, with a lack of light, the leaves lose their bronze color.
Wintering is excellent almost everywhere in Russia, as a rule, the tenacious is covered with snow and endures any frosts under it. Late frosts up to -8 are also not terrible for her. It grows in one place for at least 4 years, practically does not require maintenance, although in a hot dry summer it must be watered. May be affected by powdery mildew.
Reproduction: seeds or aerial stolons. It grows quickly.
Reproduction of creeping tenacious
It is best to propagate the creeping tenacious by planting rooted sockets. This is the only way to guarantee the varietal purity of the planting material.
The tenacious will feel good under the dense canopy of trees and in other heavily shaded places. Also, the creeping tenacious is practically not susceptible to diseases, and of the pests, only slugs and garden snails are dangerous, which are not averse to feasting on juicy foliage. You can escape from their raids by sprinkling the soil on the approaches to the plantings with lime.
In open sunny areas creeping tenacious feels very comfortable too. It can tolerate the absence of moisture for up to a month, and the glossy foliage in the bright sun acquires a special color saturation.