How to grow a good crop of zucchini
Oh yes, zucchini!
The past year pleased us with the harvest, especially there were a lot of favorite zucchini. Once again I was convinced that my growing technology gives excellent results in any weather, therefore I offer it to all readers of "Flora Price".
The vegetable patch is always high. At the bottom I put the cut stalks of raspberries, Jerusalem artichoke, carrot tops, beets and any garden debris, of which any gardener has a lot by autumn. In the spring, I pile last year's grass, compost or rotted manure, garden soil there. I do not use mineral fertilizers. I cover the bed with polyethylene.
After a week, you can plant zucchini with dry seeds or seedlings. I put two stones or bricks along the edges of the bed, and on them - a long stake. I close the top with lutrasil or spunbond and another layer of film.
I keep the garden closed until about mid-June - it depends on the weather conditions. I try to ventilate as much as possible during the day in good weather.
It is better to place such a bed in a place that is well blown by the wind. Let the learned agronomists forgive me, but all my attempts to "attach" zucchini in a calm, to protect them from drafts ended in zero harvest. They are well covered in spring, and in summer they are not afraid of the winds and do not get sick. A garden bed for zucchini must be arranged a new one every year so that diseases do not accumulate.
I give top dressing to plants closer to flowering with an infusion of green herbs, and 2-3 times more during fruiting, you can feed it with a diluted mullein. Last year, for the first time, I used the Empakt growth stimulator, which she received from Poisk for winning the competition. I am grateful to her for that. 10 days after planting the seedlings, I fed the zucchini and did not feed it with anything else over the summer (for a pure experiment). The best results were obtained by round Tintoretto (VIR named after Vavilov) and Spaghetti (Unwins).
It is better to take black film for covering the garden. Weeds do not grow under it. A round hole is cut above the zucchini. I do all watering and fertilizing under the film (you can lift it from one side of the garden).
If the plants are healthy and bear fruit well, they should be protected from cold winds at the end of August.
Spaghetti zucchini have a drawback - they are very long-leaved. But a new variety F1 Tivoli ("Russian Garden" firm) has already appeared. It has a compact bush. The company also offers gardeners a new variety of round squash - Festival. Very cute, elegant variety (yellow-green-white). I don't know anything about taste yet.
Spaghetti zucchini fully ripen only after the New Year (in January-February). They are recommended to be boiled whole (without cutting) in boiling water for about 20 minutes. But I prefer to bake in the oven in foil or cook in a pressure cooker the squash, which has been sliced across and peeled from the seeds. The taste is great.
I also want to offer my fellow gardeners a recipe for beetroot salad (it can also become a dressing for borscht) - use it as you like.
So, for 4 kg of beets you need to take: 0.5 kg of tomatoes, 0.5 kg of carrots, 0.5 kg of onions, 150 g of garlic, 200 g of granulated sugar, 140 ml of 9% vinegar, 3 tablespoons of salt, 0 , 5 liters of vegetable oil.
Grate beets and carrots on a coarse grater or cut into strips, cut tomatoes into slices, onions into rings. Finely chop or crush the garlic. Put all the seasonings in the finished mixture and leave so for at least 3 hours, then cook over low heat under a lid, stirring, for about 50 minutes. Divide the finished mixture into sterile jars. It turns out very tasty both as an independent dish, and as an addition to a side dish, and as a dressing for borscht.
There are many variations of this salad, including Ganichkina's recipe with red onions. But he, rather, for an amateur (my family did not really like it). The most delicious is this one:
For 3 kg of cucumbers (cut into circles), you need to take 150 g of granulated sugar, 100 g of salt, 100 g of sunflower oil, 100 ml of 9% vinegar, 3 cloves of garlic (cut), dill - to taste (rinse and cut well).
Mix everything, leave under oppression for 12 hours. Then put the mixture in jars and sterilize half-liter jars for 12 minutes, liter jars - 20 minutes.
Enjoy your meal and health for years to come.
T. Razina, gardener
Growing zucchini - how to grow zucchini for seedlings from seeds and in the open field
Zucchini is a vegetable crop that many gardeners enjoy growing on their site. This is a bushy variety of common pumpkin, with oblong fruits without lashes. Fruits can be of different colors - white, yellow, green and even black. In his homeland, Mexico, initially only vegetable seeds were consumed. Much later, in the 16th century, zucchini, along with other outlandish vegetables and spices from the New World, came to Europe. Moreover, the vegetable did not immediately begin to be eaten, but was grown in botanical gardens, like a beautiful flower.
Delicate, juicy fruits are used with pleasure in cooking, because they are baked, stewed, canned, and squash caviar is made. Young greens have excellent taste and are easy to digest. They are added to baby food, to the diet of convalescent patients. Zucchini dishes are very useful for people suffering from hypertension, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the elderly. Thanks to healing substances, "bad" cholesterol, toxins, radionuclides are removed from the body. The vegetable contains many vitamins, trace elements, organic acids, dietary fiber, fiber.
Such dishes are perfectly suitable for dietary nutrition and body shaping. In view of the low calorie content - only 27 kcal per 100 g of product, they are preferred by overweight people who want to lose those extra pounds. Due to its easy digestibility and low calorie content, it is the most popular vegetable in weight loss diets. But the calorie content of the final dish depends on the cooking method. So, if a vegetable is stewed with other products, with the addition of fats, the calorie content will exceed 60 kcal. Eating zucchini for food, the feeling of satiety and fullness of the stomach remains for a long time, because of which there is no desire to eat something once again.
Planting zucchini seeds for seedlings
Plant zucchini seeds for seedlings
So, we grow zucchini seedlings: what is needed for this? You can sow zucchini seeds for seedlings from early April to early May. The hatched seed must be transplanted into a box with earth to a depth of 2 cm, while watering the seedlings with warm water. If zucchini is grown in this way, then they are not stored for long, but are intended for early consumption.
To plant zucchini seeds for seedlings, take full peat pots 10 × 10 cm in size, pour a nutritious mixture of peat and humus into them, or acquire a ready-made soil - "Cucumbers", pour warm water and sow the prepared seeds to a depth of 2-3 cm. at an air temperature of 18-22 ° C.
Zucchini are very moisture-loving, so they need proper and constant watering. Watering should be done with warm water and only at the root. Increase watering by 2 times during fruiting. If you water the plants with cold water, then rotting of young ovaries occurs. It is very important to ensure that the root system is always covered with earth.
Water the seedlings with warm (22 ° C) water at the rate of 1-2 cups per pot once for 10-12 days.
During the entire period of growing seedlings, it is fed 2 times.
The first feeding when growing seedlings of zucchini is done 8-10 days after the emergence of shoots. In 1 liter of water, dilute 1 g of "Bud" (growth stimulator). Water 1 glass for 1-2 plants. The second feeding is done 8-10 days after the first. In 2 liters of water, dilute 1 teaspoon of Agricola-5 and watered at the rate of 1 glass of solution for 1 plant.
30-35-day-old seedlings are planted in open ground in a garden bed, which is covered with a film before the onset of warm weather.
The ridges are located in a sunny position of the garden or vegetable garden. Near plantings of plums, viburnum, currants, young fruit trees. And the compost bed, which will lie near such plantings, will charge the earth not only with nutrients, but will also breed a large number of worms.
Air access - the rows are made on bunches of dry stalks of asparagus, weeds, corn, Jerusalem artichoke. This procedure will increase the yield of zucchini several times.
As the compost decomposes, it will release carbon dioxide and heat, which is exactly what the zucchini needs. Plants on the compost bed will not need organic fertilizers and mineral fertilizing during the season. The products will be environmentally friendly.
- In the formed ridge, holes are made along the middle line.
- They are filled with earth with compost.
- In one hole - a bucket of mixture and plant seedlings.
What to put in the hole when landing
The most crucial stage is the preparation of the landing hole. As practice shows, it is at this stage that most people make mistakes. The first thing to start with is to loosen the soil a little and remove all the weeds. Next, a hole is dug with a depth of 35-40 centimeters. A thick layer of organic matter (at least 20 centimeters) is laid at the bottom of each hole. As organic, you can use
- kitchen waste
- chopped grass
- tops of early crops
- grass with sawdust.
Then everything is covered with compost, and the bed is left for one week under the film. After one week, the hole will sag, it will remain to fill it to the brim with earth with humus, plant the zucchini and water it well.
When to plant zucchini for seedlings according to the lunar calendar in 2019
Those who are guided by the timing of planting vegetables according to the lunar calendar should remember that plants can be transplanted to the growing moon. But on the full moon and new moon, it is better to abandon any gardening business.
Auspicious days are considered:
- 6-9, 11-13, 20, 21, 24-26, 29-30 April,
- 3, 4, 8-10, 17-18, 21-23, 26-28 May,
- June 5, 6, 13-15, 18-20.