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Proper cultivation of carrots and care: loosening, thinning, watering, feeding

 Proper cultivation of carrots and care: loosening, thinning, watering, feeding


To collect a good harvest of tomatoes, cucumbers or bell peppers from the beds, you first need to spend a lot of time growing seedlings, picking seedlings and replanting plants in the ground. With carrots, everything is much simpler - growing carrots is not difficult, and even those who have not previously had to deal with vegetable crops can figure it out.

Preparing the beds and sowing seeds

However, the yield of root crops depends not only on the weather and on the selected variety, agricultural technology also has a great influence, so it is so important to figure out in advance how to grow carrots correctly. After all, if you just sow seeds in the soil and water the carrots when necessary, the roots can grow small, woody or misshapen.

Carrots grow best on light, neutral soil, but even on heavy soils, you can achieve a good result if you loosen the top layer well with one bayonet of a shovel. In compacted soil, carrots of the Shanten variety and similar varieties with short roots blunt at the end can grow.

Video about growing carrots

For the beds, choose well-lit places in the garden, due to a lack of light, the yield will noticeably decrease. The soil for carrots should not be waterlogged, therefore, in those areas where groundwater comes close to the surface of the earth, carrot beds should be made at least 30 cm high.In the fall, dig up the garden bed by adding compost or manure - fresh organic fertilizers applied in the spring, will only harm the carrots.

Sowing seeds:

  • make grooves every 20 cm to the width of the bed, leaving 12 cm along the edges;
  • spill the rows with water;
  • sow pre-prepared carrot seeds, trying to withstand one and a half centimeters between them;
  • sprinkle the grooves with earth;
  • stretch the film low over the bed.

For the beds, choose well-lit places in the garden, due to a lack of light, the yield will noticeably decrease

Carrot growing technology: thinning, watering, feeding

To see the first shoots, you will have to be patient, because carrots are characterized by rather slow growth at the initial stage. But, as soon as young plants appear on the surface of the earth, they will begin to grow by leaps and bounds. The main thing here is not to miss the right time to thin out the carrots, leaving the strongest plants in the garden with a distance of 2 cm between them. It is best to carry out thinning with the appearance of real leaves in carrots. Since the strong carrot smell can attract carrot flies when thinning, work in the evening, and immediately transfer the removed plants to the compost pile and cover with sawdust.

It is best to carry out thinning with the appearance of real leaves in carrots.

The mistake of novice vegetable growers is that they forget to thin carrots in time or do not attach importance to it. As a result, with belated thinning, the roots entwine each other, twist, and if you pull one carrot out of the ground, the next one will pull out after it, and uneven "bald spots" are formed on the garden bed.

If you add radish seeds to the grooves when sowing carrots, this will make it much easier for you to weed the garden early and replace the first thinning. Radish rises quickly, marking the rows between which you can safely pull out the weeds. And after a month, ripe radishes can be removed, making room for growing carrots. To control weeds, you can use carrot herbicides, which are applied to the soil in the first week after sowing the seeds. If you follow the instructions, herbicides will not harm.

If you add radish seeds to the grooves when sowing carrots, this will make it much easier for you to weed the garden early.

Proper watering of carrots is very important:

  • as soon as the first shoots turn green, start watering the garden twice a week in dry weather;
  • watering should be abundant so that the soil is well saturated with water;
  • watering carrot seedlings follows from a watering can;
  • during the formation of root crops, watering is reduced to once a week, the amount of water is increased - the water should reach the carrot roots;
  • in August, when the roots are poured, watering the carrots is minimized (watered during a drought) or stopped altogether.

A crust should not form on the carrot bed, otherwise the developing root crops will not have enough oxygen in the soil. Therefore, a garden bed with carrots must be loosened regularly, especially after watering and heavy rains. Simultaneously with loosening, you will destroy the emerging weeds.

Apply liquid carrot fertilizer from nettle to the soil once a month throughout the season.

Throughout the season, once a month, apply liquid fertilizers for carrots from nettle, compost or manure to the soil, mixing with the Baikal preparation. Excessive complementary foods do not like carrots, for example, from an excess of nitrogen, it can become shaggy, horny and tasteless.

Harvesting and processing carrots

It is important to dig up the carrots in time so that they do not lose their juiciness and bright taste. The right time to harvest carrots depends on the varieties planted and the time the seeds were sown in the ground. Bunch carrots can be harvested as early as July, but for winter storage, it is better to dig up root crops at the end of September, when the tops begin to turn yellow.

Take a garden pitchfork and gently pry up the soil with the carrots, being careful not to damage the roots. The dug carrots can be pulled out of the soil with your hands by the tops. Since root crops are sent for storage without tops, novice gardeners may have a natural question: how to properly prune carrots?

Video about growing and planting carrots

Remove the leaves from the root vegetables immediately after digging up the carrots. It is better to use a sharp knife with a thin blade for this. It will be necessary to cut the tops so that there are no petioles left, which can sprout by spring, impairing the taste of the carrots. Therefore, it will be correct to cut the carrots along the line of the sleeping eyes, removing the top by a couple of millimeters.

As you can see, growing carrots is much easier than growing other vegetable crops. The secret is to ensure proper watering, regular loosening and weeding of carrots, then the harvest will delight you.


Growing carrots in the open field: tips for gardeners

A tasty and healthy root vegetable - carrots can be seen growing in any garden or summer cottage. This is not surprising: almost no dish can be prepared without this juicy vegetable, it is added to homemade preparations, you can make healthy juices and purees for baby food from carrots.

At first glance, the process of cultivating carrots does not seem difficult - it seems that it is enough just to sow the seeds and wait for the harvest. But in practice, growing carrots in the open field has a lot of nuances and we will deal with these nuances in detail.


The best varieties of carrots for winter storage

By choosing the right variety of carrots, you can stock up on these root crops for the whole winter and even spring. Which carrot will stand the test of time with flying colors?

When choosing varieties of carrots, it is important to focus on factors such as the ripening time of fruits, the content of carotene in them, and the yield of the crop. Each of them is important depending on the purpose for which you are growing your vegetables. To keep the crop for a long time, pay attention to the shelf life of the carrots indicated on the seed packaging.

Modern breeders successfully develop varieties of vegetables with new properties - improved cold resistance, high yield, good keeping quality.

The main quality of foreign varieties of carrots is the presentable appearance of root crops (even if this is to the detriment of their taste).

Whereas domestic breeders rely on the storage time of carrots and their adaptation to the climate of cold regions.

All these qualities combine carrot varieties that are considered one of the best: Cascade F1, Queen of Autumn, Moscow Winter, Nantes, Flacque, Flaccoro, Chantenet 2461.

F1 cascade

A mid-late ripening hybrid. The roots are short with pointed tips, the flesh is juicy, orange in color. A characteristic feature of the Cascade F1 variety is good disease resistance. The crop is perfectly stored and can be used both for fresh consumption and for making juice, baby and diet food.


Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
90-130 50-80 4,6-6,7

Autumn queen

Carrots of this late-ripening variety are a real “queen” among their own kind - they are large, regular in shape, bright orange and very well adapted to long-term storage.

The plant is able to tolerate frosts down to –4 ° С and gives a good harvest. The flesh of the root vegetables is juicy and sweet, so a delicious juice is obtained from them.

Also, these carrots can be eaten fresh, added to soups and salads, or canned.


Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
117-130 60-180 3,8-9

Moscow winter

This mid-season variety has a high yield and relative resistance to flowering. Root crops are conical in shape with bright orange flesh. The variety is considered relatively cold-resistant, but before the emergence of seedlings, the seedbed should be covered with a film. Winter Moscow carrots are best suited for fresh consumption.


Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
67-98 99-172 4,7-6,6

Nantes

One of the classic varieties of carrots, which is considered the best in taste among early ripening varieties. Root crops are smooth, regular cylindrical, orange-red in color.

But in order for them to be "exemplary", carrots should be sown on light soils. The increased content of carotene in root crops of the Nantes variety makes them indispensable for the preparation of baby food and juices.

You can eat this carrot and fresh.


Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
80-100 up to 100 6,5

Flakke

The variety is mid-season. Vegetables have good keeping quality; during storage they do not lose their taste. Root crops are long, conical in shape with a large orange core. Flakke carrots can be used both fresh and for processing.

Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
90-120 180-220 3,8-9

Flaccoro

This late-ripening variety of carrots can also boast of the excellent appearance of root crops. In addition, the Flakkoro variety is quite resistant to disease, and the roots are quite resistant to cracking. Their flesh is tender, contains a large amount of carotene. Carrots of this variety are very useful fresh, but they are also used for processing.

Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
120-140 135-200 3,5-5,5

Chantenay 2461

In terms of popularity, this variety is not inferior to Nantes carrots, only the roots of Chantenay 2461 are slightly larger. They are elongated-conical, even and do not differ much from each other in size.

And unlike Nantes, this carrot can be grown on heavy soils. The flesh of Chantenay 2461 is dense and sweet, rich in carotene. The variety is resistant to cracking.

The fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and processing.

Appointment Growing Ripening period (days) Fruit weight (g) Productivity (kg / sq.m)
120-150 80-500 4,0-9,0

Of course, in order for the crop to be stored as long as possible, it is not enough just to choose a carrot variety with a long shelf life. It is also important to store only healthy, undamaged roots.

Carrots should be stored at a temperature of about 2 ° C and a sufficiently high humidity - 98%. At the same time, you need to send the crop for storage immediately after harvesting.

Do it right and you will have a large supply of fresh carrots throughout the winter.


Sowing, planting carrots - how to do it right

The cold hardiness of carrots makes them one of the earliest crops to sow: you can start as soon as the snow melts. Having made a shallow ditch with a hoe, you can sprinkle the seeds. It is better to water the bottom of the groove before sowing, and even better if you guessed right with sowing in the rain.

1. For the fastest harvest, early varieties of carrots are sown in March. Make a shallow groove with your hoe.

2. Seeds are sown individually. It is much more convenient to sow pelleted seeds, which will also be easier to thin out.

3. Carrots are sown every 2-3 centimeters. The maximum planting density of carrots is from 30 to 50 pieces per one running meter.

4. Carefully fill in the groove so that the seeding depth does not exceed 1.5-2 cm, and water the bed well.

Planting carrots: Photo 2

Carrot varieties - popular and fruitful

Almost all new varieties and hybrids of carrots are highly productive. Previously, domestic varieties were considered the best in taste, such as “Vitamin 6"(The main drawback of the variety is cracking and is unusable after that for storage - read how to deal with cracking of carrots here) and"Incomparable". Now they are competing "Campo», «Perfection», «Autumn queen"And many common hybrids.

Fruits are in the form of a cylinder, turning into a cone at the bottom. The color is rich, bright orange. Reaches with proper care a length of 25 centimeters. The taste is delicate. A very juicy variety. Resistant to cracking. Equally well suited for fresh food and for seaming and for long-term storage.

Medium ripening carrot variety. The shape is elongated, conical. The pulp is very sweet and tender. Reaches a length of 20 centimeters. The core is medium, yellow. Like carrots, the "Queen of Autumn" is suitable for juice and storage and for salads.

Carrot care calendar

Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Sowing + + +
Thinning + + +
Top dressing + + +
Weeding + + + +
Harvest + + + + +

Carrots: growing, planting and care. Carrot varieties

Carrots are one of the most popular root vegetables in modern vegetable gardens. Smooth beds with openwork green leaves adorn the plots of even beginner gardeners. But only those who adhere to rules growing carrots. How to grow large and sweet carrots?

  • Carrots should be placed in well-lit areas... Growing in the shade will lead to a significant decrease in yield and a deterioration in taste. Therefore, it is worth allocating an area for carrots that is in direct sunlight throughout the day.

  • In addition, it is necessary to take into account crop rotation - the order of growing crops in a specific area.

You can not plant carrots annually on the same bed or after such plants:

  • parsley
  • dill
  • parsnip
  • celery.

Ideal "predecessors" for this root crop will be:

  • tomato
  • cucumbers
  • onion
  • garlic
  • potatoes
  • cabbage.

Experienced gardeners know how important the correct sowing time is. The yield of root crops directly depends on this, because the ripening time of different varieties varies significantly. In addition, it is necessary to focus on the desired harvest time. It is necessary to focus on the desired harvest time

To get early carrots, the so-called "bundle production", they practice winter or spring crops early ripening varieties. True, the first option is not possible in all climatic zones. In severe winters, seeds freeze out even under a thick layer of covering material. Therefore, it is better to give preference early spring crops... They can be carried out immediately after the topsoil has warmed up.

Return cooling will negatively affect the level of keeping quality of root crops and can provoke the active formation of flower arrows. But for beam products, these flaws are not a hindrance. That's why early ripening varieties can be sown much earlier.

Carrot varieties with a long ripening period are excellent for storage. But their sowing is recommended to be carried out after a stable heat is established (+ 15 ... + 18 ° С).

Presowing preparation allows you to immediately identify "defective" seeds and accelerates germination. Therefore, you should not neglect this stage. Moreover, the procedure requires almost no effort. Carrot seeds. Photo from the site bunny-bites.netlify.com

  1. First, the seeds must be poured with warm water. After 10 hours, the entire "illiquid" will emerge.
  2. To speed up germination by a week or even more, you need to carry out one more simple manipulation. The seeds are placed on a damp piece of cloth or cotton and kept there for several days. The air temperature should vary within + 20 ... + 24 ° С. In such conditions, after 3 days the seeds will hatch - fragile roots will appear.
  3. Before sowing, it is necessary to dig out the grooves and moisten them well. They should not be too shallow, so that strong gusts of wind do not spread the seeds throughout the area. Do not make grooves too deep. Otherwise, the seeds will not germinate at all. The optimum planting depth ranges from 2 to 3 cm.The distance between adjacent grooves is at least 15 cm, between seeds - at least 2 cm.

In order for the carrots to grow sweet and beautiful, regular soil cultivation should be carried out. The first weeding may be required before the seeds germinate. The proximity of weeds has a detrimental effect on the development of carrots. Therefore, they must be eliminated as soon as they appear. Bed of carrots

The soil in the garden bed should always be loose. Compaction of the soil and the formation of a crust provoke the curvature of the root crops. They can grow large, but the appearance will be completely unpresentable. Therefore, regular loosening of the soil in the garden is a must.

To carrots have grown large, it is necessary to monitor the level of crop thickening. The first thinning is carried out immediately after the real leaves appear on the plants.

The distance between adjacent carrots is about 3 cm. If the seeds were sown sparsely, then there is no need for the first thinning.

When two pairs of leaves appear, the procedure is repeated, increasing the distance between neighboring plants twice.

During the season, it is enough to feed the carrots 2 times. The first application should be carried out 3-4 weeks after germination, the second after a couple of months. It is most convenient to apply fertilizers in liquid form. To do this, add a choice of water to a bucket of water:

  • a tablespoon of nitrophosphate
  • two glasses of wood ash
  • a mixture of 20 g of potassium nitrate, 15 g of urea and double superphosphate.

You can choose fertilizers for feeding carrots in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. Choose fertilizers. Cytokinin paste Orchid, 1.5 ml 148 rbl seedspost.ru Complex organic fertilizer REASIL® (Reasil) from yellowing of leaves, 250 ml 139 rbl seedspost.ru Activator of root formation for plants JOY, 2 tab. 75 rbl seedspost.ru AVA (AVA) for Root crops, 100 g (doy-pack) 189 rbl seedspost.ru

Juicy, sweet root vegetables grow only in those who spare no effort and time for watering. Lack of moisture is the cause of the bitterness and lethargy of carrots. And watering is equally important. at all stages of plant development... The depth of moistening should correspond to the size of the root crop. A bed of adult carrots must be watered so that the water soaks a layer of 30 cm.

Among the many varieties of carrots, you can easily choose the best option for both spring and winter sowing. The most productive are:

  • 'Alenka'
  • 'Touchon'
  • 'Nantes'
  • 'Vitamin'
  • 'Queen of Autumn'
  • 'Flakke'.

You can find a large assortment of carrot seeds in our catalog, which combines the offers of various garden online stores. Select carrot seeds. Carrot Perfection RUB 14 Russian Garden Carrot Rote Riesen 15 rbl Russian Vegetable Garden Carrot F1 without core Praline 29 rbl Russian Garden Carrot Monanta 45 rbl Russian Vegetable Garden Early grade. Root crops acquire a marketable appearance within 50 days after germination: their length reaches 12-15 cm, weight - up to 145 g.

'Alenka'. Photo from the site fermilon.ru

Early ripening carrots that can be used for cooking two months after the first shoots appear. The average weight of root crops is 150 g, length is 20 cm. Belongs to the mid-season category. Full maturation occurs no earlier than 85-90 days after planting. Blunt-pointed roots gain weight up to 165 g. Average length - 16 cm. Mid-season variety with a high concentration of carotene. These carrots are ready for harvesting 110-120 days after the emergence of mass shoots. Root length about 15 cm, weight about 150 g. Late ripening carrots, ideal for winter storage. It takes 125-135 days to fully mature. Weight of one root vegetable is about 160 g, length - up to 20 cm. All offers ()

The article is posted in sections: cultivation, landing, varieties, care, vegetables, carrot, personal experience, articles, vegetable garden and beds

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Winter carrot care in spring

If the weather does not disappoint, in the spring we have to do in the garden. Do not allow the soil to dry out - water so often that it is evenly moist if the weather is very dry. At the same time, this vegetable does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil, it rots even with a slight stagnation of water during the growth of seedlings

Therefore, it is important to weed the beds from weeds in a timely manner - this is the most time-consuming task, but necessary, and loosen the aisles

If the seedlings turned out to be friendly and dense, be sure to thin out, leaving a distance of 6-8 centimeters between them, otherwise the carrots will grow small.

If snails and slugs were previously seen on your site, even before the carrot tops go, prepare the means of struggle - Thunder or other preparations for slugs.

As for dressing, it is enough to feed the carrots once with a complex fertilizer (for example, a universal fertika, or nitrofoskoy) in the aisles with embedding.


Is it possible and how to accelerate the maturation process

This is an unpretentious vegetable, but growing it in comfortable conditions promises a rich harvest for a gardener. Experienced gardeners willingly share information on how to speed up the ripening period of carrots, to please yourself with unforgettable emotions during the collection period:

  • choose a sunny place for growing vegetables
  • use for planting a place where potatoes, tomatoes or legumes were grown last year
  • use peat soils for planting
  • feed the plant
  • observe the optimal watering regime.

Carrots are one of the most sought-after vegetables on our table, the main source of carotene. Not a day goes by that he does not appear on our table.

It takes a lot of effort and patience to grow a root crop, but a timely harvest of carrots will cover all difficulties. And then the orange miracle will give you a set of vitamins and microelements that are healthy for your health!

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