The plant Ophiopogon, or lily of the valley, is a member of the Liliaceae family. The flower's habitat is the territory of Southeast Asia.
Description of ophiopogon
Ophiopogon is a small evergreen herb with a thickened root system. Has fibrous roots. Leaves grow straight from the root. They are linear, thin and bunched. The plant itself has a dense leaf mass. It blooms in the form of a long inflorescence in the form of a spikelet brush. The flowers grow on rather low stalks. Each spikelet has 3-8 flowers. Fruit-berry of an unusual deep blue color.
In the garden, ophiopogon is used for growing as a curb plant. The flower cannot withstand low temperatures, so in winter it is grown only in greenhouses, greenhouses or conservatories.
Home care ofiopogon
Location and lighting
Ophiopogon is unpretentious in lighting and can grow in bright sunlight or in the shade. It can grow away from the window in the back of the room.
In spring and summer, ophiopogon should grow in a room with an air temperature of 20-25 degrees, in winter - from 5 to 10 degrees.
The plant responds well to spraying with standing water at room temperature, especially in dry winter.
The soil should not be too wet, but you should not allow stagnation of water in the pot either. In summer, water is plentiful, in winter, watering is reduced to almost a minimum. The substrate should not dry out completely.
For the substrate, a mixture of turf and leaf land, as well as sand in equal proportions, is suitable. The soil should be well water and air permeable.
Top dressing and fertilizers
In spring and summer, feeding is carried out 1-2 times a month with mineral organic fertilizers. During the dormant period in winter and autumn, fertilization is stopped.
A young plant needs to be replanted every spring, an adult - no more than once every 3-4 years.
Reproduction of ophiopogon
Ophiopogon reproduces by dividing an adult bush into parts that have several processes and their own root system. Reproduction is best done in the spring. The bushes are divided into parts and seated in separate pots. The soil should be fertile and rich in minerals and trace elements.
Also, the plant can be grown from seeds. To do this, they are sown in the spring in a previously prepared container with loose soil and greenhouse conditions are created - high air temperature and good illumination.
Diseases and pests
Ophiopogon belongs to an unpretentious plant, therefore, its defeat by pests or diseases is practically not observed. But in natural conditions, snails or slugs can choose this plant, and the root system can be affected by rot.
Types and varieties of ofiopogon with photos and names
It is a rhizome herbaceous perennial plant with a height of about 80 cm.The leaves are collected in the form of a dense rosette, narrow, smooth, about 80 cm long, about 1 cm wide.The inflorescence is located on a peduncle no more than 80 cm high.Flowers are collected in a brush about 15 cm in length. Small flowers of a delicate purple or white color, similar in structure to a lily of the valley. The fruit also has an attractive appearance - round, deep blue with a purple tint. This species is represented by many subspecies, differing from each other in the color of the leaves (the presence of narrow white stripes or a yellow border).
Japanese ophiopogon (Ophiopogon japonicus)
It is a rhizome perennial plant, a representative of herbaceous plants. The leaves are narrow, smooth, hard to the touch. The peduncle is not longer than the leaves. The inflorescence is no more than 8 cm in length, collects flowers of pink or purple shades. At the end of flowering, a round blue berry, close to black, ripens on the plant.
Rhizome plant, bushy perennial. The leaves are deep, dark in color, close to black, rather wide, about 35 cm in length. It blooms in the form of brushes. The flowers are large, shaped like bells of white or pink shades. This species is characterized by increased formation of blue-black fruit-berries. The shape of the berries is closer to spherical.
Plant Ophiopogon 7 COLORS Niger P14 H30
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Ophiopogon naturally occurs in the humid forests of Japan. Plant refers to family of liliaceae (Lileaceae).
The genus has 10 species. In indoor conditions, two types of this plant can most often be found: ophiopogon yaburan (O. jaburan) and ofiopogon Japanese (O. jahjnicus)
The plant is well suited for creating a variety of flower arrangements and for landscaping rooms.
Ophiopogon is a perennial herb. Lily leaves are collected in a basal rosette.
The leaf blade is dark green with light green or yellow stripes, rather thin and dense. In early summer, the plant produces a long stem with purple flowers. The inflorescence is an ear. A few months after flowering, small purple berries may appear on the plant.
Ophiopogon is a rather unpretentious plant, so it grows equally well both in illuminated areas and in the shade. It is undemanding to the ambient temperature, so it grows well both in warm and cool rooms.
Water the plant abundantly 2-3 times a week. In winter, it is advisable to slightly reduce the number of waterings. For watering the plant, it is necessary to use only soft water, in addition, constant waterlogging of the soil must not be allowed, which can lead to decay of the root system or the development of diseases. Ophiopogon responds well to daily spraying.
The transplant of ophiopogon should be carried out as the roots of the earthen coma are entwined. At the bottom of the pot, it is necessary to lay a drainage layer of broken brick, fine gravel.
For normal growth, the plant must be regularly fed with complex mineral fertilizers. They should be brought in 2-3 times a month.
Ophiopogon reproduces by dividing rhizomes. During transplantation, it is necessary to divide the plant into parts so that the rhizome is damaged to a lesser extent.
• evergreen herbaceous perennials, common from the Himalayas to Japan and the Philippines
• in indoor culture, two species - Japanese Ophiopogon (Ophiopogon japonicus) and ofiopogon yaburan (Ophiopogon jaburan)
To the family Ophiopogon, or Lily of the valley (Ophiopogon) family Lily of the valley (Convallariaceae) includes 67 plant species growing in temperate, subtropical and tropical Asia (of which 38 species are endemic to China). Foreign botanists attribute it to the Asparagus family. (Asparagaceae).
The genus name is derived from two Greek words: ophis - snake, pogon - beard, means "snake beard" and is a translation of the Japanese name riuno fige. Apparently, it indicates the numerous falling narrow leaves of the plant.
These are plants of a cereal-like appearance, but not related to cereals.
Evergreen perennial herbaceous plants, rhizome, sometimes stolon-bearing. The roots are sometimes woody or with fleshy tubers at the tips. The stem is erect or extended, usually simple, elongated or short, sometimes indistinct. Leaves basal or stem, alternate, in bunches or loose, sessile or petiolate, linear to oblong, usually with whitish veins below. The stems emerge from the leaf axils. Inflorescence - raceme or reduced panicle, less often panicle, with several or many flowers, with small bracts. Flowers are bisexual, bell-shaped to flat, usually drooping. Flowers with 6 loose petals that fall off or are preserved in fruit. There are 6 stamens, a columnar pistil extending from the base of the petals, with a small capitate stigma. Fruits that crack at an early stage, usually blue when ripe, berry-like.
In indoor conditions, mainly 2 species are grown - ofiopogon Japanese and ofiopogon Yaburan.
Japanese ophiopogon (Ophiopogon japonicus) - grows in Japan, China, Korea, in forests, dense bushes in ravines, in humid and shady places on slopes and along streams, on rocks, at altitudes of 200-2800 m above sea level. It is widely cultivated in China for tuberous root thickenings, which are used for medicinal purposes.
Evergreen table-bearing plant up to 12-15 cm tall. The roots are moderately thick, usually with a thickening in the middle or at the tip. Leaves are basal, sitting in bunches, usually 10-50 cm long and 2-4 mm wide, with 3-7 veins, dentate along the edge. Stems 6-15 (- 27) cm tall, much shorter than leaves. Inflorescence is a reduced panicle 2-5 cm long, containing from several to more than 10 flowers. Flowers are single or paired, usually drooping, white or purple, with lanceolate petals about 5 mm long and 2 mm wide. Fruits are spherical, cobalt color, 7-8 mm in diameter. Blossoms in May-August; fruits ripen in August-September.
It has many varieties, the most famous of them are:
- Comet - variegated variety 15-20 cm tall, with a white stripe in the center of the leaf.
- Haku Ryu Ko (Pam Harper) - variegated variety with white edging of leaves.
- Minor - variety with smaller leaves 5 cm long
- Nana - a variety with a height of only 7.5 cm.
- Nippon - with shiny green leaves, only 5-10 cm, grows in breadth up to 15-45 cm.
- Silver mist - a compact, slow-growing variety up to 15-20 cm tall, with narrow leaves with a creamy edging.
PLACE OF ORNAMENTAL GRAINS IN THE GARDEN
In the garden, he prefers a sunny location, loose sandy or peaty soils. It can grow in shallow water near the shore of a reservoir, but winters better when planted in a dry place.
Unfortunately, it is not very hardy. Even in the southern regions, it requires shelter for the winter. In the conditions of the middle lane, it is suitable for culture in containers, which are kept in a cellar or other cool dry place during the cold season.
In the garden, it looks great by the ponds, in the background of mixborders, in the form of solitary plantings against the background of the lawn. The impressive size makes the thicket of giant reeds look like bamboo groves. Planted in pots, it can decorate the patio, the entrance to the house. Propagated by seeds and dividing the curtain.
1. Reed reed
2. Cortaderia Sello "Aureolineoto"
3. Cortaderia Sello
4-5. Miscanthus chinese
Ophiopogon from the Liliaceae family to decorate your garden
Ophiopogon can be grown indoors or used for landscaping. Ophiopogon belongs to the lily family. East Asia is considered its homeland, and its distribution area is from the Himalayan mountains and further to the country of cherry blossoms. The spreading perennial attracts the eye with its delicate flowers; it grows in the form of lush bushes. Landscape designers and gardeners call it "lily of the valley" or "Japanese lily of the valley".
Description of the species
The root system is located close to the soil surface. Its branched processes have small nodules. Numerous basal rosettes growing above the ground form a dense green growth. A linear, pointed leaf can be light green and gray-purple. It grows up to one cm wide and up to 35 cm long.
The bush retains its leafy dense mass all year round. Flowers appear from mid-summer to late September. From the core of the turf, peduncles rise up 20 cm. The dense stems are burgundy in color. The top of the straight arrow is decorated with a spike-shaped inflorescence, the buds of small purple flowers resemble lily of the valley flowers.
When the flowering ends, whole clusters of dark blue berries form on the peduncles, inside which there are yellow seeds.
Varieties of varieties
There are about 20 varieties of ophiopogon. Only a few of them are cultivated. Breeders managed to breed several hybrids for growing at home or in the garden.
Ophiopogon can reach a height of about 80 cm. The bush is an accumulation of linear leaves with blunt edges, no more than 1 cm wide. Their color is dark green, on the back side you can see numerous convex veins located longitudinally.
During flowering, the bush produces a straight peduncle. In its upper part, tubular flowers of a pale lilac or whitish color are formed. They saturate the air around them with a subtle aroma.
Popular varieties ׃
- Ophiopogon variegata - differs in that pronounced white stripes run along the edge of the leaf plate
- Ophiopogon aureivariegatum - this variety has golden leaves on the sides
- Ophiopogon nanus - looks like a compact bush, feature - high frost resistance
- Ophiopogon white dragon - the leaves are very beautiful and original, a green stripe runs in the center on a white background.
The length of its rigid sheet plate is about 35 cm, the width is only 3 mm. It has a slightly curved shape in the middle. During flowering, a short peduncle is formed, which is crowned with a loose inflorescence of no more than 6-7.5 cm. Flowers of lilac or reddish color look slightly drooping.
Ophiopogon japonicus is a marsh plant. Its numerous leaves form a magnificent rosette. This species is sometimes sold to decorate aquarium designs. Unfortunately, ophiopogon in a fully submerged aquarium can only grow for up to 3 months.
It is necessary to plant a perennial so that only its root system is in the water. In Japan, lily of the valley is used to decorate lawns, garden paths and flower beds with it. It looks like a dense lawn, the height of which is only 10 or 15 cm.
The unpretentious Ophiopogon plant feels comfortable on nutritious loose peat soil with a high clay content. He needs moisture and an abundance of light. This species is often planted in such a way that its root system is in water, the temperature of which does not matter. The main disadvantage is slow vegetation. This variety propagates with the help of lateral layers.
The perennial is not very high, but lushly spread out in different directions, a curtain. Linear dark green leaves grow up to 35 cm. The leaf blade is rather wide.
During the flowering period, the bush is covered with numerous large, whitish or pinkish flowers. After flowering, many dark berries are formed on the peduncle.
Variety "Nigrescens". It grows up to only 25 cm, its spreading leaves are painted black. In summer, the curtain is covered with a scattering of creamy white flowers. With the arrival of autumn, the bush is dotted with numerous black berries. It is one of the most frost-resistant varieties of ophiopogon. They can easily withstand temperatures of −28 ° C.
Belt-like twisted leaves are colored dark green.
How does reproduction take place
The herbaceous shrub can be propagated vegetatively and by sprouted seeds. The plant has well-developed lateral processes. After just a few months, they can be carefully removed from the mother plant and planted in the ground. This breeding method is the simplest.
With the onset of warm days, the curtain is carefully removed from the ground and divided into several smaller bushes. Each individual part of Ophiopogon must contain at least three outlets. The resulting independent curtains are seated in a prepared hole with light soil.
When a young ophiopogon is in the process of rooting, it should be watered with care. Excessive moisture must not be allowed, which can lead to rotting of the root system. Within a month, young shoots will begin to appear and the first leaves will hatch. Breeding Japanese lily of the valley with seeds is more laborious.
Things to consider when leaving
Mostly cultivated species of bushy perennials take root well in existing conditions and do not require special care. Tough, linear leaves tolerate bright sunlight well and can feel comfortable in slightly dark places. Even during the winter months, they do not need additional lighting.
The spreading flower perfectly tolerates high temperatures, but nevertheless, cool air is most comfortable for it. Already from mid-April, a room copy can be taken out into the garden or on the balcony. He is not afraid of a draft or night temperature jumps. In the garden or park, curtains can winter under the snow, without additional shelters. The color of their leaf mass remains unchanged during the cold season.
Lily of the valley needs regular and abundant watering. You need to constantly monitor the soil so that it is moist. However, stagnant moisture will be detrimental to the plant.
With the arrival of cold weather, watering should be reduced. They even allow the surface layer of the earth to dry up to 2 cm. Soft settled water is best suited for irrigation. In order to prevent the leaves from wilting, Ophiopogon must be sprayed daily, creating the necessary level of humidity. In the room, a spreading bush can be placed next to the aquarium.
Every two years, the bushes are transplanted, dividing them into two or three parts. This process requires care as the root system cannot be damaged. Ophiopogon pests do not attack. The only problem can arise if the rhizome and leaves are rotted. The diseased Ophiopogon plant is treated with a fungicide, and the affected parts are removed.
It is an indispensable component of soil mixture for epiphytic plants. Moss is used to give the soil lightness, looseness, hygroscopicity. However, before use, it must be thoroughly dried and then ground into a powder. Sphagnum will give an acidic reaction around pH 4. Also, moss is perfect for covering aerial roots that are on the trunks of some plants, so that they do not dry out and freeze. It is also better to cover buried branches (during reproduction) with fresh moss.
The information from the article will help you properly prepare the soil for your pets and answer the question of what kind of land is needed for planting indoor flowers. Remember that not all crops prefer to "live" in a universal soil, so before transplanting it is better to consult with a specialist in a flower shop or find information in the relevant literature.