Beware, poisonous berries: 7 names you need to know by heart
Walking through the forest, and even more so getting lost, you can quench your thirst and hunger with wild berries. It should be remembered that among the appetizing-looking and juicy fruits there are life-threatening ones.
Perennial with bell-shaped drooping flowers of brown color and shiny black berries, similar to small cherries and sweetish in taste. Belladonna received the name "witch's herb" because women used it to dilate pupils and seductive effect, as well as the plant was used as a poison. Belladonna leaves and berries are extremely toxic and contain potent doses of tropane alkaloids.In the wild, common belladonna is found in many parts of the world, in Russia - in the Krasnodar Territory, the mountainous Crimea, in the Caucasus. It grows, as a rule, singly, it is extremely rare to find thickets of belladonna.
The plant is widely used in scientific and folk medicine, but when meeting in the forest, it is better to stay away from it.
The poisonous effect occurs when the grass touches the skin and mucous membranes, and just a few berries eaten can be fatal. Signs of poisoning appear after a few minutes. This is an increased heart rate, blurred vision, redness of the skin, agitation, hallucinations and delirium, loss of orientation, convulsions are possible.
This plant is easy to recognize - a single black berry on a stalk rises in the center of four large green leaves with pronounced veins located in a cross.Dried leaves and berries of the raven eye are used in folk medicine, but the plant is very poisonous, and for animals too. Only birds without health consequences can eat the berry. Symptoms of Crow's Eye Poisoning:
- colic, cramps in the abdomen;
- loose stools;
- tachycardia, heart failure;
- dizziness, headache;
The raven eye grows in forests throughout the country, so it is important from childhood to learn to distinguish between poisonous plants, so as not to be tempted by a bright berry.
Due to its great decorativeness (the bushes are similar to viburnum), the red-crowned black raven is widely used in gardening, however, one must remember about its poisonous properties. Unlike viburnum, the Voronet forms a grassy bush about 70 cm high. The edges of the light green leaves, collected in three pieces on a handle, resemble saw teeth.The main distinguishing feature of the plant is red berries of a rich shade, collected in a brush. The raven is most often found in coniferous and mixed forests. It is difficult to get poisoned by accident by a Voronets, the plant has an unpleasant smell, and the berries taste bitter. The main symptoms of poisoning are:
- rapid pulse;
- intestinal upset;
- tremors and seizures.
First aid for poisoning - gastric lavage and urgent medical attention.
All parts of the plant are poisonous, so you should not not only try the berries, but also bring home a branch of a wolfberry that is beautifully blooming in spring. The pleasant aroma of flowers resembling lilacs can cause a headache, the sap of the plant, when it comes into contact with the skin, causes ulcers and burns, and a few berries are enough for severe poisoning with a fatal outcome.The shrub is found in Western and Eastern Siberia, in the European part of Russia and in the Caucasus. In case of poisoning with wolf bast, a person experiences severe abdominal pain, intestinal upset, increased salivation, blood appears in the urine, and cardiac arrest may occur.
Forest honeysuckle (or common) is dangerous due to the glycoside xylosteine contained in bright red glassy berries. It is this substance that causes disturbances in the digestive tract, cardiac activity, and convulsions.Forest honeysuckle is easy to identify by bright berries sitting in pairs on twigs. It is very different from the tasty and healthy cultivated berry that is grown in Siberia and the Far East.
In the European part of the country, forest honeysuckle is widely used in landscaping, birds peck it without harm to health, but it is dangerous for a person to try it.
This perennial bush plant with umbellate inflorescences is found throughout the European and southern parts of Russia. Because of its specific smell, it is called smelly elderberry, and its dark purple berries have the same unpleasant aroma. The elderberry blooms in early summer, the fruits ripen in August. Despite the fact that elderberry is actively used as a diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory agent, it is used for various diseases of the skin and upper respiratory tract, the plant is poisonous.The presence of cyanogenic glycosides in elderberry makes it hazardous to health. When eating berries, toxic damage to the central nervous system and death from respiratory failure can develop. In case of poisoning, you must call an ambulance, especially if a child is injured.
The plant got its name because the fruits can remain on the branches all winter. This deciduous shrub reaches 1.5 m in height, its white berries, collected in a brush, serve as food for birds.The plant takes root in different conditions, it is planted in flower beds and as a hedge. The berries of the bush are poisonous due to the high content of alkaloids, but they cannot inflict strong harm on an adult. But their use in large quantities, as well as by children, can cause severe intoxication.
Snowberry fruit tastes bad, so accidental poisoning is unlikely.
The contact of plant sap on mucous membranes and skin causes swelling, irritation and redness.
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Top 7 poisonous indoor plants, the dangers of which we had no idea
Indoor plants not only moisturize and purify the air, they can become a true decoration of the interior, emphasize the style features when decorating a living space (for example, without small flowers in terracotta pots it is difficult to imagine decorating a house in the Provence style).
Unfortunately, when purchasing this or that houseplant, they are most often guided not by real botanical information about it, but by the desire to get a bright or easy-to-care specimen, or even to solve pressing everyday problems with the help of a flower: to attract a husband, prosperity and peace to the house, fabulously get rich in short time. At the same time, they forget about the requirements of the flower itself, completely ignoring the fact that most indoor flowers are poisonous, they can cause enormous harm to children, animals and the flower growers themselves if mistreated. In this article, we decided to figure out which seemingly harmful plants can turn out to be the most real poisoners.
Memo. Dangerous and poisonous plants and shrubs in the garden
Garden decoration is always a creative process. Passionately implementing their landscape design idea, gardeners do not always think about the limitations in the choice of plants to implement their ideas. Meanwhile, many beautiful plants with high decorative properties are fraught with danger.
They are literally saturated with poison and, if handled carelessly, can lead to serious consequences, up to and including death. You should be doubly careful when children can enter the site. Restless kids, being in nature, love to taste everything, especially if the plants are bright and attractive.
Skin irritation from daffodils
Almost at any summer cottage you can find beautiful flowers - daffodils. The beauty of this plant is hidden cunning - its juice causes severe irritation of the skin, and the bulbs contain a strong poison.
May lily of the valley poisoning
The humble May lily of the valley familiar to us, as a result of ingestion, causes poisoning. The cardiac muscles and organs of the gastrointestinal tract are negatively affected. An attack can be provoked by the use of fruits, leaves and pedicels of a plant.
Poisonous foxglove flowers
Red foxglove looks very impressive at the summer cottage.
Aconite - the strongest poison
Aconite napellus can become just as attractive to children. It blooms throughout the summer with beautiful purple or dark blue flowers. However, all parts of the plant, except for the stem, contain a poisonous alkaloid, which, when in contact with the skin, can cause severe poisoning and inflammation of the skin.
The poison affects the heart, lungs and nervous system, leading to serious consequences, including paralysis. For medicinal purposes, all parts of the plant are used, except for the root, it is so poisonous!
A legend about one of the exploits of Hercules is associated with this plant. When Hercules freed the three-headed dog Cerberus from the underworld and brought him into the light, slender plants grew in the place where the monster's saliva dripped. And since this happened not far from the city of Akonia, they received the appropriate name - aconites.
Anemone and buttercup - enemies of the intestines and kidneys
Substances similar to aconites contain anemone and caustic buttercup. Upon penetration into the body, the intestines and kidneys are affected.
The juicy fruits of black elderberry and herbaceous have an emetic and laxative effect.
The riparian snowberry fruit contains a toxic substance that irritates the skin and mucous membranes.
Dangerous wolf bast
Since childhood, we all know well that in no case should you pick and eat the berries of the common wolf, which is popularly called the wolf's bast. Its bright red, small, fleshy fruits contain a potent poison that affects the central nervous system, circulatory system and kidneys.
Lethal dose for humans: 10 - 12 berries. The poison can also penetrate the skin. Wolf bast pollen causes dizziness and headache, so you should not flatter yourself with the beauty of the delicate pink, cream and purple flowers of the plant and plant them on the site. However, you should not fight against it in neutral territory - the plant is listed in the Red Book.
Poisonous castor oil plant
Castor bean seeds, similar to beans, are able to interest children. They are enclosed in interesting spherical fruits that contain ricin, a potent poison. It is strictly forbidden to take them for food - severe poisoning is accompanied by damage to the liver and kidneys, destruction of body tissues.
Honeysuckle irritates the digestive tract
The bright orange fruits of honeysuckle, honeysuckle, are invariably attractive. But you should not eat them, they irritate the digestive tract.
In nature, in principle, one should be wary of bright colors - orange, red. Usually they symbolize danger, but it is these colors that are most attractive to children. You should also beware of the seeds of lupine multifoliate, the substances of which negatively affect the central nervous system.
Sunburn from cow parsnip
One more poisonous plant cannot be found in the summer cottage, but there is plenty of it in the vicinity. This is Sosnovsky's hogweed, which has the strongest destructive effect on the skin among the above plants. Under its influence, the skin becomes hypersensitive to sunlight, which leads to severe burns.
The beautiful poetic name of the next plant does not detract from its destructive effect on the body. Belladonna, translated from Italian as "beautiful lady", whose fruits are saturated with sweetish nectar, contain substances that can cause the strongest arousal, up to rabies. You shouldn't even touch it, as the plant can act through the skin.
The list of poisonous plants that can be found in the summer cottage or in its vicinity is so large that one article is not enough to list it.
Conclusion to be drawn from the above:
If children appear on the site, then only safe, proven plants can be planted on it.
It is necessary to teach the child that it is impossible to eat any parts of the plant without the permission of adults.
Gradually teach the child to distinguish between poisonous and safe plants.
Wear special protective equipment when working with a poisonous plant.
Always have a first aid kit with antidotes and emergency phone numbers on hand, as well as learn the rules of first aid in case of poisoning.
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This very beautiful flower is grown by many. He has wonderful delicate spherical buds, surprisingly transforming the appearance of the site. But they also contain a dangerous toxic substance - cyanide. True, in order to poison them, you need to eat several flowers, but still be careful.
Symptoms of poisoning in humans are shortness of breath, fainting, drop in pressure, convulsions. To prevent the toxin from getting to animals, keep your pets away from the hydrangea.
Types of aglaonema with photos and names
Aglaonema brilliant (Aglaonema nitidum)
This species comes from damp forests located on the plains of Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra and Kalimantan. The height of the trunk is about 100 cm. The length of the rich green or dark green leaf plates is about 45 centimeters, and the width is ―20 centimeters. Their shape is oblong, and the front surface is shiny. The inflorescences consist of 2-5 flowers. The length of the cob is 60 mm, it is covered with a blanket of almost the same length. The berries are white.
Aglaonema changeable (Aglaonema commutatum), or aglaonema changeable
The plant is native to the Philippines and Sulawesi. The length of the straight stem can vary from 0.2 to 1.5 m. Long-petiolate leaf plates reach 30 centimeters in length and 10 centimeters in width. The inflorescences consist of 3–6 flowers. The length of a thin cob is 60 mm, it is covered with a longer greenish veil. When red fruits are formed, the bush looks more impressive. Varieties:
- warburgii - white stripes run along the lateral veins on the leaf plate
- elegans - on the elongated-oval greenish leaf plates there is a pattern of light green color
- maculatum - on the surface of dark green elongated oval leaf plates there are white strokes.
Aglaonema oblong-leaved (Aglaonema marantifolium)
A plant native to the rainforests of the tropical regions of Singapore and the Philippines, as well as the islands of Borneo and Penang. The length of large dark green leaf plates is about 0.3 m. They have petioles reaching 0.2 m in length. Some varieties have a gray-silver pattern on the foliage surface.
Painted Aglaonema (Aglaonema pictum)
A native of the humid forests found on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The height of the branching trunk is about 0.6 m. The shape of the large dark green leaf plates is elongated-elliptical. On their surface, specks of gray color are unevenly located. In some varieties, these spots are colored silvery-white. The berries are red.
Aglaonema ribbed (Aglaonema costatum)
Originally from the humid forests found in the tropical part of Southwest Malaysia. This herbaceous plant has a trunk branching at the base. The length of the leaf plates is about 20 centimeters, and the width is 10 centimeters. On the surface of the green dense foliage there are specks and strokes of white color.
Aglaonema modestum, or moderate aglaonema
Originally a species from humid forests located on the slopes of the mountains of the tropical part of Indochina and the Malay archipelago. The height of the branching trunk is about 50 cm.Oval green leaves have a blunt base and a sharp top; they reach 20 centimeters in length and 9 centimeters wide. On each side of the central vein, there are several pieces of convex lateral veins. Red berries are similar to dogwood fruits.
A more attractive mushroom than the red fly agaric can hardly be found. During maturation, white flakes form on the surface of the cap. It is the red hat with white polka dots that is the main attraction. This mushroom, with its attractive colors and shape, often causes fatal consequences for uninformed mushroom pickers, and especially children.
Its habitat is not limited to the territory of Russia, it grows with the same success in European, Asian countries and even in Australia.
It is important to know that this mushroom has a different color: from white, greenish, gray to bright red. After all, there are many types of mushrooms of the genus Amanita. And most of them are deadly.
The stinking fly agaric is the most poisonous of all its fellows. It doesn't look so pretty and looks like a toadstool. He has a conical yellowish cap. It emits a fetid odor on the cut. The people often used it as a remedy for harmful insects. Traditional healers used mushroom-based drugs in the treatment of nervous diseases.
Berries on houseplants - a deceiving beauty
Young children love berries and do not always understand that a treat can be deadly. Before going to the flower shop for a beautiful plant, parents should learn the names of the representatives of the flora with poisonous berries.
False-pepper nightshade, otherwise - Jerusalem cherry. At the time of fruiting, the compact bush is densely covered with attractive scarlet and orange berries. But the fruits of the nightshade are fraught with the strongest poisons. One has only to remember how many people at one time were poisoned by the berries of the potato, which were soothing with their shiny sides.
This group of plants includes arum with its sweetish fruits, aucuba, holly, hederu. If you don't want to part with the plant, you can simply pick off its flowers without waiting for the berries to be tied.
In case of poisoning (even the smallest) with poisonous indoor plants, they wash the stomach with saline and call a doctor.
The range of indoor crops exported from exotic countries is very large. You can always choose safe species in it so as not to be afraid for the health of loved ones. Various tradescantia, zebrins, sanseviers, uzambara violets, hibiscus, chlorophytums will not harm and will successfully cope with landscaping an apartment.