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What Is An Empire Apple: How To Grow Empire Apples

What Is An Empire Apple: How To Grow Empire Apples


By: Liz Baessler

Empire is a very popular variety of apple, prized for its deep red color, sweet taste, and ability to stand up to being knocked around without bruising. Most grocery stores carry them, but it’s a truth universally acknowledged that fruit tastes much better when grown in your own backyard. Keep reading to learn more about growing Empire apples and tips for Empire apple tree care.

What is an Empire Apple?

Empire apples were first developed in New York State (also known as the Empire State, hence the name) by Lester Anderson at Cornell University. In 1945, he first crossbred a Red Delicious with a McIntosh, eventually developing it into the famous Empire. With the sweetness of a Red Delicious and the flavor of a McIntosh, this apple is also a reliable producer.

While many apple trees are somewhat biennial, putting forth a large crop only every other year, Empire trees produce consistently bountiful crops every summer. Empire apples are famously sturdy and difficult to bruise and, if refrigerated, they should stay fresh well into the winter.

How to Grow Empire Apples

Empire apple tree care is somewhat more involved than with other apples. It requires yearly pruning to maintain a central leader and an open canopy, which is necessary for attractive, dark red fruits.

The trees are partially self-fertile, which means they will produce some apples with no other nearby pollinizers. If you want a consistently good crop of fruit, however, you should plant another tree nearby for cross pollination. Good pollinizers for Empire trees are white blossom crabapples, Gala, Pink Lady, Granny Smith, and Sansa.

Empire apple trees are hardy in USDA zones 4-7. They prefer full sun and loamy, well-drained soil that is neutral to alkaline. Mature trees tend to reach a height and spread of 12 to 15 feet (3.6-4.6 m.).

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Goodland, a medium to large orangish-looking apple, was introduced in Manitoba in the mid-1950s. The fruit ripens in August to mid-September, making it ideal for a mid-season harvest. The crisp, sweetly and slightly tart flesh is tasty in desserts or sauces. The Goodland also stores well, lasting until mid-January in cold storage. It will still be tasty long after the other apple varieties have been used up.

  • Introduced in 1870 by John McIntosh of Ontario, this well-known mid-season apple matures in mid- to late September.
  • The fruit ripens in August to mid-September, making it ideal for a mid-season harvest.

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This variety is a sweet, firm apple.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
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  • TiffanyF Staff on Feb 16, 2021

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This variety is a sweet, firm apple.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Feb 16, 2021

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This variety requires a minimum of 600 hour chill hours.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Jan 25, 2021

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This variety requires a minimum of 600 hour chill hours.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Jan 25, 2021

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. All o f our fruit trees are 2 years of age at shipping.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Sep 10, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. All o f our fruit trees are 2 years of age at shipping.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Sep 10, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Unfortunately no as the empire is early to mid bloom time and the Norther spy is a late season bloomer.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Unfortunately no as the empire is early to mid bloom time and the Norther spy is a late season bloomer.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. No during our fall shipping season everything is potted in a 4x4x10 pot shipping 1.5-3 feet tall.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. No during our fall shipping season everything is potted in a 4x4x10 pot shipping 1.5-3 feet tall.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

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  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This variety has some resistance to mildew, fire blight and rust.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This variety has some resistance to mildew, fire blight and rust.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Yes these are both Mid season bloomers so they will pollinate together.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Yes these are both Mid season bloomers so they will pollinate together.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Aug 31, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Yes these two varieties should pollinate one another as they are both Early to Mid bloomers.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Jun 8, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Yes these two varieties should pollinate one another as they are both Early to Mid bloomers.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
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  • TiffanyF Staff on Jun 8, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. We use several different rootstocks, depending upon the desired result and what is available. For that reason, we're unable to guarantee a specific rootstock.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Jun 5, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. We use several different rootstocks, depending upon the desired result and what is available. For that reason, we're unable to guarantee a specific rootstock.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • TiffanyF Staff on Jun 5, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Take a look at the bloom time characteristic for another early-mid season bloomer. We have many more to choose from like the Chehalis and Buckeye Gala?? Apple.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • Tabitha R Expert on Jan 30, 2020

BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Take a look at the bloom time characteristic for another early-mid season bloomer. We have many more to choose from like the Chehalis and Buckeye Gala?? Apple.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!

  • Reply
  • Inaccurate
  • Tabitha R Expert on Jan 30, 2020


Contents

Empire apples are red, juicy, firm, crunchy and sweet. They ripen during September and October, and will keep until January. [ citation needed ]

The original seed was a cross between the varieties McIntosh and Red Delicious. Empire apples are excellent for eating and salads, and good for sauce, baking, pies and freezing. [3] It is an ideal lunch-box apple, not least because it does not bruise easily. [4]

By the year 2001, three mutant cultivars (sports) of Empire had received US plant patents. None of them were mutants of mutants:

Date "Inventor" Marketed as Assignee Earlier Color Plant patent number
Mar 10, 1992 Harold F. Teeple, Russel H. Teeple, John B. Teeple Teeple Red Empire, Royal Empire Cornell No redder US plant patent 7820
Oct 20, 1992 Harold Thome TF808 Inter-Plant Patent Marketing 5—7 days redder US plant patent 8010
Feb 1, 2000 Jeffrey D. Crist CB515, Crown Empire Adams County Nursery 2.5 weeks redder US plant patent 11201

  • Scab: high[5]
  • Powdery mildew: high
  • Cedar apple rust: low
  • Fire blight: medium
  1. ^ abc McCandless, Linda (1996). "Experiment Station's successful Empire apple has its 30th birthday". Cornell Chronicle. Cornell University. Archived from the original on 2007-08-14 . Retrieved 2007-10-13 .
  2. ^Apple varieties by US Apple Association
  3. ^
  4. "Apple varieties". Archived from the original on 2012-10-01.
  5. ^
  6. "Empire apples".
  7. ^ Dr. Stephen Miller of the USDA Fruit Research Lab in Kearneysville, West Virginia.

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